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The proximity-concentration tradeoff under uncertainty

Author

Listed:
  • Ramondo, Natalia
  • Rappoport, Veronica
  • Ruhl, Kim J.

Abstract

In this article, we analyse the firm's choice between serving a foreign market through exports or through foreign affiliate sales in an environment characterized by country-specific shocks to the cost of production. Our model predicts that country pairs with less-correlated output fluctuations trade more, relative to affiliate sales, whereas countries with more-volatile fluctuations are served relatively more by exporters than by foreign affiliates selling abroad. Using detailed data on trade and affiliate sales, we find empirical support for our model's predictions.

Suggested Citation

  • Ramondo, Natalia & Rappoport, Veronica & Ruhl, Kim J., 2013. "The proximity-concentration tradeoff under uncertainty," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 54268, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:54268
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    File URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/54268/
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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas A. Lubik & Katheryn N. Russ, 2012. "Exchange rate volatility in a simple model of firm entry and FDI," Economic Quarterly, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue 1Q, pages 51-76.
    2. Sourafel Girma & Sandra Lancheros & Alejandro Riaño, 2016. "Global Engagement and Returns Volatility," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 78(6), pages 814-833, December.
    3. Lewis, Logan T., 2014. "Exports versus multinational production under nominal uncertainty," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(2), pages 371-386.
    4. Natalia Ramondo & Felix Tintelnot & Andreas Moxnes & Anna Gumpert, 2016. "Multinational Firms and Export Dynamics," 2016 Meeting Papers 124, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. Gumpert, Anna & Moxnes, Andreas & Ramondo, Natalia & Tintelnot, Felix, 2017. "The Life-Cycle Dynamics of Exporters and Multinational Firms," Rationality and Competition Discussion Paper Series 55, CRC TRR 190 Rationality and Competition.
    6. repec:oup:qjecon:v:132:y:2017:i:2:p:921-962. is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Conconi, Paola & Sapir, André & Zanardi, Maurizio, 2016. "The internationalization process of firms: From exports to FDI," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 16-30.
    8. Wu, Tommy T., 2015. "Firm heterogeneity, trade, multinationals, and growth: A quantitative evaluation," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 359-375.
    9. de Sousa, José & Disdier, Anne-Célia & Gaigné, Carl, 2015. "Export decision under risk," 2015 AAEA & WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, July 26-28, San Francisco, California 205584, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association;Western Agricultural Economics Association.
    10. Javier Cravino & Andrei A. Levchenko, 2017. "Multinational Firms and International Business Cycle Transmission," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 132(2), pages 921-962.
    11. Fillat, José L. & Garetto, Stefania & Oldenski, Lindsay, 2015. "Diversification, cost structure, and the risk premium of multinational corporations," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 37-54.
    12. Joakim Gullstrand & Karin Olofsdotter & Susanna Thede, 2016. "Importers, Exporters and Multinationals: Exploring the Hierarchy of International Linkages," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 27(3), pages 495-514, July.
    13. Mankan M. Koné & Carl Gaigné & Lota Dabio Tamini, 2017. "Supply Uncertainty and Foreign Direct Investments in Agri-food Industry," CIRANO Working Papers 2017s-22, CIRANO.
    14. Ivan DESEATNICOV & Konstantin KUCHERYAVYY, 2017. "Exports and FDI Entry Decision: Evidence from Japanese foreign-affiliated firms," Discussion papers 17036, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    15. repec:bla:ecinqu:v:55:y:2017:i:2:p:778-793 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    proximity-concentration; multinational firms; foreign direct investment; international trade; uncertainty;

    JEL classification:

    • L81 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Retail and Wholesale Trade; e-Commerce

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