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Labor Market Imperfections, Markups, and Productivity in Multinationals and Exporters

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  • Sabien DOBBELAERE
  • KIYOTA Kozo

Abstract

This paper examines the links between a firm's internationalization status and the type and degree of market imperfections in product and labor markets. We develop a framework for modelling heterogeneity across firms in terms of (i) product market power (price-cost markups), (ii) labor market imperfections (workers' bargaining power during worker-firm negotiations or firm's degree of wage-setting power), and (iii) revenue productivity. We apply this framework to analyze whether the pricing behavior of firms in product and labor markets differs across firms that engage in different forms of internationalization using an unbalanced panel of 7,458 manufacturing firms over the period 1994-2012 in Japan. Engagement in international activities is found to matter for determining not only the type of imperfections in product and labor markets but also the degree of imperfections. Clear differences in behavior between firms that serve the foreign market through either exporting or foreign direct investment (FDI) are observed. Exporters are more likely to be characterized by imperfect competition in the product market whereas the opposite holds for multinationals. Exporters are more likely to share rents based on the bargaining power of workers whereas a firm's wage-setting power seems to generate wage dispersion across firms with foreign subsidiaries.

Suggested Citation

  • Sabien DOBBELAERE & KIYOTA Kozo, 2018. "Labor Market Imperfections, Markups, and Productivity in Multinationals and Exporters," Discussion papers 18033, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  • Handle: RePEc:eti:dpaper:18033
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    Cited by:

    1. Stefano Schiavo & Lionel Nesta, 2017. "International Competition and Rent Sharing in French Manufacturing," DEM Working Papers 2017/07, Department of Economics and Management.
    2. Kozo Kiyota & Toshiyuki Matsuura & Yoshio Higuchi, 2020. "Multinationals, intra‐firm trade and employment volatility," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 53(3), pages 982-1015, August.
    3. Dobbelaere, Sabien & Mairesse, Jacques, 2018. "Comparing micro-evidence on rent sharing from two different econometric models," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 18-26.
    4. Ziran Ding, 2021. "Firm Heterogeneity, Variable Markups, and Multinational Production: A Review from Trade Policy Perspective," Bank of Lithuania Working Paper Series 92, Bank of Lithuania.
    5. Sabien Dobbelaere & Boris Hirsch & Steffen Müller & Georg Neuschaeffer, 2020. "Organised Labour, Labour Market Imperfections, and Employer Wage Premia," CESifo Working Paper Series 8739, CESifo.
    6. KONDO Keisuke, 2018. "Markup and Market Size: Evidence from Japan," Discussion papers 18017, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    7. Kozo Kiyota & Toshiyuki Matsuura & Lionel Nesta, 2019. "On Export Premia," GREDEG Working Papers 2019-10, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), Université Côte d'Azur, France, revised Mar 2019.
    8. Dobbelaere, Sabien & Wiersma, Quint, 2020. "The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Firms' Product and Labor Market Power," IZA Discussion Papers 12951, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    9. Caselli, Mauro & Nesta, Lionel & Schiavo, Stefano, 2021. "Imports and labour market imperfections: Firm-level evidence from France," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 131(C).
    10. Mertens, Matthias, 2019. "Micro-mechanisms behind declining labour shares: Market power, production processes, and global competition," IWH-CompNet Discussion Papers 3/2019, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    11. Lu, Yi & Sugita, Yoichi & Zhu, Lianming, 2019. "Wage and Markdowns and FDI Liberalization," Discussion paper series HIAS-E-83, Hitotsubashi Institute for Advanced Study, Hitotsubashi University.

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    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J50 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - General
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

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