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Trade, Wages and Collective Bargaining: Evidence from France

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  • Juan Carluccio
  • Denis Fougère
  • Erwan Gautier

Abstract

We estimate the impact of international trade on wages using detailed data for French manufacturing firms. We instrument firm-level trade flows with firm-specific instrumental variables based on world demand and supply shocks. Both export and offshoring shocks have a positive effect on wages. Exports increase wages similarly for all occupational categories while offshoring has heterogeneous effects. The impact of trade shocks on wages is heterogeneous across bargaining regimes. In firms with collective bargaining, the elasticity of wages with respect to both exports and offshoring is higher than in firms with no collective bargaining. The wage gains associated with collective bargaining are similar across worker categories.
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  • Juan Carluccio & Denis Fougère & Erwan Gautier, 2015. "Trade, Wages and Collective Bargaining: Evidence from France," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 0(584), pages 803-837, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:econjl:v::y:2015:i:584:p:803-837
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/ecoj.2015.125.issue-584
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    Cited by:

    1. Sabien Dobbelaere & Kozo Kiyota, 2017. "Labor market imperfections, markups and productivity in multinationals and exporters," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 17-113/V, Tinbergen Institute.
    2. Juan Carluccio & Alejandro Cuñat & Harald Fadinger & Christian Fons-Rosen, 2015. "Offshoring and Skill-upgrading in French Manufacturing: A Heckscher-Ohlin-Melitz View," CeFiG Working Papers 22, Center for Firms in the Global Economy, revised 29 Sep 2015.
    3. Francesco Bogliacino & Dario Guarascio & Valeria Cirillo, 2016. "The dynamics of profits and wages: technology, offshoring and demand," LEM Papers Series 2016/04, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    4. Giuseppe Berlingieri & Patrick Blanchenay & Chiara Criscuolo, 2017. "The Great Divergence(s)," CEP Discussion Papers dp1488, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    5. James Harrigan & Ariell Reshef & Farid Toubal, 2016. "The March of the Techies: Technology, Trade, and Job Polarization in France, 1994-2007," NBER Working Papers 22110, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Capuano, Stella & Hauptmann, Andreas & Schmerer, Hans-Jörg, 2014. "Trade and unions: Can exporters benefit from collective bargaining?," IAB Discussion Paper 201424, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    7. Carluccio, J. & Fougère, D. & Gautier, E., 2016. "Trade, wages, and collective bargaining," Rue de la Banque, Banque de France, issue 16, January..
    8. Matthias Strifler & Thomas Beissinger, 2016. "Fairness Considerations in Labor Union Wage Setting – A Theoretical Analysis," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 63(3), pages 303-330, July.
    9. Carluccio, Juan & Fougère, Denis & Gautier, Erwan, 2016. "The impact of trade shocks on collective wage bargaining agreements," CEPR Discussion Papers 11289, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Stefano Schiavo & Lionel Nesta, 2017. "International Competition and Rent Sharing in French Manufacturing," DEM Working Papers 2017/07, Department of Economics and Management.
    11. Clément Carbonnier & Gwenaële Rot & Clément Malgouyres, 2016. "Evaluation interdisciplinaire des impacts du CICE en matière de compétitivité internationale, d'investissement, d'emploi, de résultat net des entreprises et de salaires," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/4v8c8tnfgu8, Sciences Po.
    12. Berman, N. & Berthou, A. & Héricourt, J., 2016. "Do foreign demand shocks impact company sales in France?," Rue de la Banque, Banque de France, issue 24, may..
    13. repec:bfr:rueban:2017:51 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Alexandre Gazaniol & Catherine Laffineur, 2015. "Does Outward Foreign Direct Investment affect domestic real wages? An investigation using French micro-data," FIW Working Paper series 155, FIW.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

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