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Markups, bargaining power and offshoring: an empirical assessment

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Abstract

This paper tests the pro-competitive effect of imports on product and labour markets for Spanish manufacturing firms in the period 1990-2005. In doing so, it takes into account the type of imported products: final vs intermediate. Markups are estimated following the procedure suggested by Roeger (1995) and including an efficient bargaining model. The observed heterogeneity among firms is parameterized to consider additional product standardization and market concentration. The results support the Imports as Market Discipline hypothesis for importers of final goods, while firms that offshore intermediate inputs show similar markups to non-importers. Additionally, the union bargaining power is smaller the more final-goods oriented imports are and the more homogeneous is the type of goods elaborated by firms.

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  • Moreno, L & Rodríguez, D, 2010. "Markups, bargaining power and offshoring: an empirical assessment," MPRA Paper 23587, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:23587
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    2. Juan A. Máñez Castillejo & Consuelo Mínguez Bosque & María E. Rochina Barrachina & Juan A. Sanchis Llopis, 2020. "Trading activities, productivity and markups: Evidence for Spanish manufacturing," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(3), pages 644-680, March.
    3. Ana Cristina Soares & João Amador, 2013. "Competition in the Portuguese Economy: Estimated Price-Cost Margins Under Imperfect Labour Markets," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles and Banco de Portugal Economic Studies, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    4. Lionel Nesta & Stefano Schiavo, 2018. "International Competition and Rent Sharing in French Manufacturing: A Firm-Level Analysis," EconPol Working Paper 19, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    5. Luciano Fanti & Domenico Buccella, 2019. "When unionisation is profitable for firms in network industries," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 70(4), pages 711-722, November.
    6. Luis C. Corchón & Lourdes Moreno, 2016. "Interpreting Markups in Spanish Manufacturing: The Exponential Model," Springer Series in Game Theory, in: Pierre von Mouche & Federico Quartieri (ed.), Equilibrium Theory for Cournot Oligopolies and Related Games, pages 119-131, Springer.
    7. Ana Cristina Soares, 0. "Price-cost margin and bargaining power in the European Union," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-31.
    8. Marco de Pinto & Jochen Michaelis, 2017. "Firm Selection and the Role of Union Heterogeneity," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201743, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    9. Dumont, Michel & Rayp, Glenn & Willemé, Peter, 2012. "The bargaining position of low-skilled and high-skilled workers in a globalising world," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 312-319.
    10. Domenico Buccella, 2011. "Labor unions and economic integration: A review," IIE Journal, IIE Journal, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, vol. 0, pages 25-89, January-D.
    11. M. Dumont & G. Rayp & P. Willemé, 2010. ""Ménage à trois" in a globalizing world: bargaining between firms, low-skilled and high-skilled workers," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 10/687, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    12. Ana Cristina Soares, 2020. "Price-cost margin and bargaining power in the European Union," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 59(5), pages 2093-2123, November.
    13. Leahy, Dermot & Montagna, Catia, 2012. "Strategic investment and international outsourcing in unionised oligopoly," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 260-269.
    14. Caselli, Mauro & Nesta, Lionel & Schiavo, Stefano, 2021. "Imports and labour market imperfections: Firm-level evidence from France," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 131(C).
    15. de Pinto, Marco & Michaelis, Jochen, 2019. "The labor market effects of trade union heterogeneity," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 60-72.
    16. Stefano Schiavo & Lionel Nesta, 2017. "International Competition and Rent Sharing in French Manufacturing," DEM Working Papers 2017/07, Department of Economics and Management.
    17. Mauro Caselli & Stefano Schiavo, 2020. "Markups, import competition and exporting," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(5), pages 1309-1326, May.
    18. Cristina Fernández & Aitor Lacuesta & José Manuel Montero & Alberto Urtasun, 2015. "Heterogeneity of markups at the firm level and changes during the great recession: the case of spain," Working Papers 1536, Banco de España.
    19. João Amador & Ana Cristina Soares, 2017. "Markups and bargaining power in tradable and non-tradable sectors," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 53(2), pages 669-694, September.
    20. Buccella, Domenico & Fanti, Luciano, 2020. "Do labour union recognition and bargaining deter entry in a network industry? A sequential game model," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).

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    Keywords

    Markups; offshoring; bargaining power;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General

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