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The mark-ups in the Spanish economy: international comparison and recent evolution

Author

Listed:
  • Ángel Estrada

    () (Banco de España)

Abstract

This paper estimates the steady state mark-ups of 23 branches of activity in seven developed countries (USA, Japan, Germany, France, UK, Italy and Spain). The empirical methodology departs from the Hall (1988) seminal approach and incorporates the possibility of non-competitive labour markets. Besides, it is used a time varying parameter (TVP) estimation technique in order to compute the evolution of steady state mark-ups. Looking at the constant parameter estimations, it emerges a clear dichotomy between two groups of countries: USA and UK, with the lowest mark-ups, and Japan and Germany, in the other side of the spectrum; Italy and Spain keep an intermediate position. With respect to the bargaining power of trade unions, the dichotomy between Anglo-Saxon countries, where it is almost inexistent, and Central European countries is even more marked. Allowing these parameters to evolve in time, the results are also interesting: there have been increases in mark ups in Italy, France and Germany; on the contrary, in USA, Japan, UK and Spain they have diminished. In the case of the bargaining power of the trade unions, all these countries have shown reductions since 1980, with the only exception of Germany. Finally, the paper finds a quite robust inverse relation between productivity growth, mark ups and the bargaining power of trade unions, although the quantitative effects are moderated.

Suggested Citation

  • Ángel Estrada, 2009. "The mark-ups in the Spanish economy: international comparison and recent evolution," Working Papers 0905, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
  • Handle: RePEc:bde:wpaper:0905
    as

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    File URL: http://www.bde.es/f/webbde/SES/Secciones/Publicaciones/PublicacionesSeriadas/DocumentosTrabajo/09/Fic/dt0905e.pdf
    File Function: First version, April 2009
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Folque, 2016. "Practical contribution for the assessment and monitoring of product market competition in the Portuguese Economy – estimation of price cost margins," GEE Papers 0063, Gabinete de Estratégia e Estudos, Ministério da Economia, revised May 2016.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mark-ups; labour market; productivity;

    JEL classification:

    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General

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