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Az európai növekedési potenciál eróziója és válsága
[Erosion and crisis in European growth potential]

Listed author(s):
  • Halmai, Péter

    ()

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    Az európai növekedési potenciál fokozatos, ám több évtizeden át látens eróziója az elmúlt másfél évtizedben - versenyképességi és alkalmazkodási problémáinak kiéleződésével párhuzamosan - egyre nyíltabb formában jelent meg. Az EU-15 országai termelékenységének felzárkózása az Egyesült Államokéhoz - fokozatos mérséklődés után - az 1990-es évek közepén megtört, majd növekedési dinamikája egyre inkább elmaradt fő versenytársáétól. A teljes tényezőtermelékenységbeli különbségek csekély számú iparágban összpontosulnak: az elektronikai berendezések előállítása, a nagy- és a kiskereskedelem, az ingatlan- és egyéb üzleti szolgáltatások, illetve a pénzügyi szolgáltatások területén. A fő okok a termék- és munkaerőpiacok működésének eltéréseiben, az Egyesült Államokat jellemző intenzívebb versenykörülményekben, illetve egyes európai részpiacok túlszabályozásában keresendők. Lényeges szerepet játszanak továbbá az innovatív szektorok adminisztratív és pénzügyi belépési korlátai. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: E27, F15, F43, O40, O47.

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    Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

    Volume (Year): LXII (2015)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 379-414

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    Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:1546
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