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Competition and inflation differentials in EMU

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  • Andrés, Javier
  • Ortega, Eva
  • Vallés, Javier

Abstract

In a monetary union, inflation rate differentials may be substantial over the business cycle. This paper parameterizes a monetary union with cross-country structural differences in (i) the elasticity of demand in the goods markets, (ii) the degree of price inertia and (iii) the preference for foreign goods in consumption. The model, calibrated to reproduce two large EMU countries, is able to generate non-negligible inflation differentials in response to symmetric shocks. The mechanism of price discrimination is the most important one, but moderate differences in the degree of openness have sizeable effects on the dispersion of inflation rates if idiosyncratic shocks predominate.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés, Javier & Ortega, Eva & Vallés, Javier, 2008. "Competition and inflation differentials in EMU," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 848-874, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:32:y:2008:i:3:p:848-874
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Heiner Mikosch, 2012. "Sticky Prices, Competition and the Phillips Curve," KOF Working papers 11-294, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
    2. Ángel Estrada & Jordi Galí & David López-Salido, 2013. "Patterns of Convergence and Divergence in the Euro Area," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 61(4), pages 601-630, December.
    3. Bayoumi, Tamim & Laxton, Douglas & Pesenti, Paolo, 2004. "Benefits and spillovers of greater competition in Europe: a macroeconomic assessment," Working Paper Series 341, European Central Bank.
    4. Auray, Stéphane & Eyquem, Aurélien & Poutineau, Jean-Christophe, 2010. "The Welfare Gains Of Trade Integration In The European Monetary Union," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(05), pages 645-676, November.
    5. Martina Cecioni, 2010. "External trade and monetary policy in a currency area," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 738, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    6. Hanan Morsy & Florence Jaumotte, 2012. "Determinants of Inflation in the Euro Area; The Role of Labor and Product Market Institutions," IMF Working Papers 12/37, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Dudley Cooke, 2016. "Optimal Monetary Policy with Endogenous Export Participation," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 21, pages 72-88, July.
    8. Nikolay Hristov & Oliver Hülsewig & Timo Wollmershäuser, 2014. "Financial Frictions and Inflation Differentials in a Monetary Union," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 82(5), pages 549-595, September.
    9. Filippo Altissimo & Pierpaolo Benigno & Diego Palenzuela, 2011. "Inflation Differentials in a Currency Area: Facts, Explanations and Policy," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 22(2), pages 189-233, April.
    10. Campolmi, Alessia & Faia, Ester, 2011. "Labor market institutions and inflation volatility in the euro area," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 793-812, May.
    11. D'Adamo, Gaetano & Rovelli, Riccardo, 2013. "Labor Market Institutions and the Response of Inflation to Macro Shocks in the EU: A Two-Sector Analysis," IZA Discussion Papers 7616, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    12. Ángel Gavilán & Pablo Hernández de Cos & Juan F. Jimeno & Juan A. Rojas, 2011. "Fiscal policy, structural reforms and external imbalances: a quantitative evaluation for Spain," Working Papers 1107, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    13. D'Adamo, Gaetano & Rovelli, Riccardo, 2015. "Labour Market Institutions and Inflation Differentials in the EU," IZA Discussion Papers 9389, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    14. Helena Marques & Gabriel Pino & Juan Dios Tena Horrillo, 2014. "Regional inflation dynamics using space–time models," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 1147-1172, November.
    15. Mykhaylova, Olena, 2009. "Welfare implications of country size in a monetary union," MPRA Paper 23323, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Heiner Mikosch, 2012. "Sticky Prices, Competition and the Phillips Curve," KOF Working papers 12-294, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
    17. Daniel Gaskin & Juergen Attard & Karen Caruana, 2017. "Household finance and consumption survey in Malta: the results from the second Wave," CBM Working Papers WP/02/2017, Central Bank of Malta.
    18. Brian Micallef & Cyrus, Laurent, 2013. "Inflation differentials in a Monetary Union: the case of Malta," CBM Working Papers WP/05/2013, Central Bank of Malta.
    19. Ángel Estrada, 2009. "The mark-ups in the Spanish economy: international comparison and recent evolution," Working Papers 0905, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.

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