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Organizing Global Supply Chains: Input-Output Linkages and Vertical Integration

Author

Listed:
  • Giuseppe Berlingieri

    (ESSEC Business School)

  • Claudia Steinwender

    (MIT Sloan)

  • Frank Pisch

    (University of St. Gallen)

Abstract

We study whether and how the technological importance of an input – measured by its cost share – is related to the decision of whether to “make” or “buy” that input. Using detailed French international trade data and an instrumental variable approach based on self-constructed input-output tables, we show that French multi- nationals vertically integrate those inputs that have high cost shares. A stylized incomplete contracting model with both ex ante and ex post inefficiencies explains why: technologically more important inputs are “made” when transaction cost eco- nomics type forces (TCE; favoring integration) overpower property rights type forces (PRT; favoring outsourcing). Additional results related to the contracting environ- ment and headquarters intensity consistent with our theoretical framework show that both TCE and PRT type forces are needed to fully explain the empirical patterns in the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Giuseppe Berlingieri & Claudia Steinwender & Frank Pisch, 2019. "Organizing Global Supply Chains: Input-Output Linkages and Vertical Integration," 2019 Meeting Papers 1570, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed019:1570
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology

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