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Subsidies for FDI: Implications from a Model with Heterogeneous Firms

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  • Davin Chor

    () (School of Economics, Singapore Management University)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the welfare e®ects of subsidies to attract multinational corporations, in a setting where ¯rms are heterogeneous in their productivity levels. I show that the use of a small subsidy raises welfare in the FDI host country, with the consumption gains from attracting more multinationals exceeding the direct costs of funding the subsidy program through a tax on labor income. This welfare gain stems from a selection e®ect, whereby the subsidy induces only the most productive exporters to switch to servicing the host's market via FDI. I further show that the welfare gain from a subsidy to variable costs is larger than from a subsidy to the ¯xed cost of conducting FDI, since a variable cost subsidy also raises the ine±ciently low output levels stemming from each ¯rm's mark-up pricing power.

Suggested Citation

  • Davin Chor, 2007. "Subsidies for FDI: Implications from a Model with Heterogeneous Firms," Working Papers 04-2007, Singapore Management University, School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:siu:wpaper:04-2007
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    Keywords

    FDI subsidies; heterogeneous firms; fixed versus variable cost subsidies; import subsidies.;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production

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