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Antiagglomeration Subsidies With Heterogeneous Firms

  • Toshihiro Okubo

This paper studies anti-agglomeration subsidies in a core-periphery setting when firms are heterogeneous in labour productivity, focusing on the effects of a relocation subsidy on firm location in various tax-financing schemes (local versus global). We discuss how a subsidy can enhance welfare and average productivity in the periphery. As a result we find that a subsidy proportional to profits can induce the relocation of high productivity firms and thus increase welfare and average productivity in the periphery. Concerning tax-financing schemes, a local tax financing scheme has an optimal level of subsidy.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1467-9787.2011.00736.x
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Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Regional Science.

Volume (Year): 52 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (05)
Pages: 285-299

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jregsc:v:52:y:2012:i:2:p:285-299
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  1. Vincent Dupont & Philippe Martin, 2006. "Subsidies to poor regions and inequalities: some unpleasant arithmetic," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(2), pages 223-240, April.
  2. MARTIN, Philippe & MAYER, Thierry & MAYNERIS, Florian, . "Public support to clusters. A firm level study of French "Local Productive Systems"," CORE Discussion Papers RP -2287, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. OKUBO Toshihiro & TOMIURA Eiichi, 2010. "Industrial Relocation Policy and Heterogeneous Plants Sorted by Productivity: Evidence from Japan," Discussion papers 10016, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  4. Richard Baldwin & Toshihiro Okubo, 2009. "Tax Reform, Delocation, and Heterogeneous Firms," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 111(4), pages 741-764, December.
  5. Okubo, Toshihiro, 2009. "Trade liberalisation and agglomeration with firm heterogeneity: Forward and backward linkages," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 530-541, September.
  6. Mohl, P. & Hagen, T., 2010. "Do EU structural funds promote regional growth? New evidence from various panel data approaches," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 353-365, September.
  7. Karen Helene Midelfart-Knarvik & Henry G. Overman, 2002. "Delocation and European integration: is structural spending justified?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 17(35), pages 321-359, October.
  8. Martin, Philippe & Rogers, Carol Ann, 1994. "Industrial Location and Public Infrastructure," CEPR Discussion Papers 909, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Richard Baldwin & Toshihiro Okubo, 2005. "Heterogeneous Firms, Agglomeration and Economic Geography: Spatial Selection and Sorting," NBER Working Papers 11650, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. K.H. Midelfart & H.G. Overman & S.J. Redding & A.J. Venables, 2000. "The location of European industry," European Economy - Economic Papers 142, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
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