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The Life-Cycle Dynamics of Exporters and Multinational Firms

Author

Listed:
  • Gumpert, Anna

    (LMU Munich)

  • Moxnes, Andreas

    (University of Oslo)

  • Ramondo, Natalia

    (University of California at San Diego)

  • Tintelnot, Felix

    (University of Chicago)

Abstract

This paper studies the life-cycle dynamics of exporters and multinational enterprises (MNEs). We present a dynamic model of trade and MNE activity in which the mode of serving a market depends on the well-known proximity-concentration tradeoff. We show that the option of performing MNE activities in the model produces life-cycle patterns for exporters that differ from those in an export-only model. Calibrating our model to rich firm-level data from France and Norway, our main quantitative finding is that a reduction in trade costs triggers much larger responses in growth rates and exit rates, for young exporters, in the model with MNEs than in the model without MNEs. We also show that the model is largely consistent with a set of new facts on the joint life-cycle dynamic behavior of exporters and MNEs.

Suggested Citation

  • Gumpert, Anna & Moxnes, Andreas & Ramondo, Natalia & Tintelnot, Felix, 2017. "The Life-Cycle Dynamics of Exporters and Multinational Firms," Rationality and Competition Discussion Paper Series 55, CRC TRR 190 Rationality and Competition.
  • Handle: RePEc:rco:dpaper:55
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    5. Anderson, James E. & Larch, Mario & Yotov, Yoto V., 2019. "Trade and investment in the global economy: A multi-country dynamic analysis," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 120(C).
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    8. Ivan DESEATNICOV & FUJII Daisuke & Konstantin KUCHERYAVYY & SAITO Yukiko, 2020. "Why Do Japanese MNEs Enter and Exit Foreign Markets?," Discussion papers 20055, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    international trade; exporters; multinational firm; markov process; sunk cost; proximity-concentration tradeoff; trade liberalization;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F01 - International Economics - - General - - - Global Outlook
    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration

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