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How Exporters Grow

Author

Listed:
  • Doireann Fitzgerald
  • Stefanie Haller
  • Yaniv Yedid-Levi

Abstract

We show that in successful episodes of export market entry, there are statistically and economically significant post-entry dynamics of quantities, but no post-entry dynamics of markups. This suggests that shifts in demand play an important role in successful entry, but that firms do not use dynamic manipulation of markups as an instrument to shift demand. We structurally estimate two competing models of customer base accumulation to match these moments. In the first model, firms use marketing and advertising to acquire new customers and thereby shift demand and increase sales. In the second, they use temporarily low markups to do so. The marketing and advertising model fits the quantity and markup moments well, and implies that successful entry is associated with high selling expenses. The second model cannot simultaneously fit quantity and markup moments, even with a counterfactually high price elasticity of demand and trade elasticity. We conclude that successful market entry is more likely to be associated with high selling expenses than low markups.

Suggested Citation

  • Doireann Fitzgerald & Stefanie Haller & Yaniv Yedid-Levi, 2020. "How Exporters Grow," CESifo Working Paper Series 8077, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_8077
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    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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