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Exporters and Shocks: Dissecting the International Elasticity Puzzle

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  • Doireann Fitzgerald
  • Stefanie Haller

Abstract

We use micro data for Ireland to estimate how export participation and the export revenue of incumbent exporters respond to tariffs and real exchange rates. Both participation and revenue, but especially revenue, are more responsive to tariffs than to real exchange rates. Our estimates translate into an elasticity of aggregate exports with respect to tariffs of between -3.8 and -5.4, and with respect to real exchange rates of between 0.45 and 0.6, consistent with estimates in the literature based on aggregate data. We argue that forward-looking investment in customer base combined with the fact that tariffs are much more predictable than real exchange rates can explain why export revenue responds so much more to tariffs.

Suggested Citation

  • Doireann Fitzgerald & Stefanie Haller, 2014. "Exporters and Shocks: Dissecting the International Elasticity Puzzle," NBER Working Papers 19968, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19968
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    Cited by:

    1. Irma Rosenberg, 2008. "Monetary policy and commodity and energy prices," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    2. Richard Fabling & Lynda Sanderson, 2015. "Exchange rate fluctuations and the margins of exports," Working Papers 15_05, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
    3. Juan Delgado, 2008. "European Energy Markets: Moving in a Common Direction?," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    4. Yaniv Yedid-Levi & Stefanie Haller & Doireann Fitzgerald, 2016. "How Exporters Grow," 2016 Meeting Papers 499, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. Bas, Maria & Mayer, Thierry & Thoenig, Mathias, 2017. "From micro to macro: Demand, supply, and heterogeneity in the trade elasticity," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 1-19.
    6. Antoine Berthou & Lionel Fontagné, 2016. "Variable Trade Costs, Composition Effects and the Intensive Margin of Trade," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(1), pages 54-71, January.
    7. Heid, Benedikt & Larch, Mario, 2016. "Gravity with unemployment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 70-85.
    8. Ernest Gnan & Mar Gudmundsson & Klaus Liebscher & Dietrich Domanski & Alexandra Heath & Juan Delgado & Walter Boltz & Birger Vikoren & Vasily Astrov & Stephan Barisitz & Simon-Erik Ollus & Ulrich Kohl, 2008. "Commodities, Energy and Finance," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 2008/2 edited by Ernest Gnan & Mar Gudmundsson & Morten Balling.
    9. Ulrich Kohli, 2008. "Energy prices, inflation, and monetary policy," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    10. Dietrich Domanski & Alexandra Heath, 2008. "Financial investors and commodity markets," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    11. Frank Smets, 2008. "How should monetary policy take commodity and energy prices into account?," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    12. Veronica Rappoport & Philipp Schnabl & Daniel Paravisini, 2015. "Comparative Advantage and Specialization in Bank Lending," 2015 Meeting Papers 499, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    13. Klaus Liebscher, 2008. "Opening Remarks," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    14. Stephan Barisitz & Simon-Erik Ollus, 2008. "The Russian Non-Fuel Sector: Signs of Dutch Disease? Evidence from EU–25 Import Competition," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    15. Ernest Gnan & Már Gudmundsson, 2008. "Introduction, main findings, and some conclusions," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    16. Vasily Astrov, 2008. "The Russian Oil Fund(s): past performance and policy options," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    17. Yilmazkuday, Hakan, 2017. "Unifying Macro Elasticities in International Economics," Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute Working Paper 299, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    18. Birger Vikøren, 2008. "Norges Bank’s Experiences with the Organisation of the Government Pension Fund – Global," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    19. Salamat Ali, 2017. "Exchange Rate Effects on Agricultural Exports: Firm-level Evidence from Pakistan," Discussion Papers 2017-09, University of Nottingham, GEP.
    20. Walter Boltz, 2008. "Energy Markets in Europe: The State of Play and Future Prospects," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    21. Li, Hongbin & Ma, Hong & Xu, Yuan, 2015. "How do exchange rate movements affect Chinese exports? — A firm-level investigation," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(1), pages 148-161.

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    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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