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Gravity and Extended Gravity: Using Moment Inequalities to Estimate a Model of Export Entry

Author

Listed:
  • Eduardo Morales
  • Gloria Sheu
  • Andrés Zahler

Abstract

Exporting firms often enter foreign markets that are similar to previous export destinations. We develop a dynamic model in which a firm's exports in a market may depend on how similar the market is to the firm's home country (gravity) and to its previous export destinations (extended gravity). Given the large number of export paths from which forward-looking firms may choose, we use a moment inequality approach to structurally estimate our model. Using data from Chilean exporters, we estimate that having similarities with a prior export destination in geographic location, language, and income per capita jointly reduce the cost of foreign market entry by 69% to 90%. Reductions due to geographic location (25% to 38%) and language (29% to 36%) have the largest effect. Extended gravity thus has a large impact on export entry costs.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo Morales & Gloria Sheu & Andrés Zahler, 2014. "Gravity and Extended Gravity: Using Moment Inequalities to Estimate a Model of Export Entry," NBER Working Papers 19916, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19916
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Fernandes, Ana P. & Tang, Heiwai, 2014. "Learning to export from neighbors," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(1), pages 67-84.
    2. Andrew B. Bernard & Andreas Moxnes, 2018. "Networks and Trade," CEP Discussion Papers dp1541, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    3. Albornoz, Facundo & Fanelli, Sebastián & Hallak, Juan Carlos, 2016. "Survival in export markets," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 262-281.
    4. Juan Lucio & Raúl Mínguez & Asier Minondo & Francisco Requena, 2016. "Networks and the Dynamics of Firms' Export Portfolio: Evidence for Mexico," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(5), pages 708-736, May.
    5. Magne Mogstad & Emmanuel Dhyne & Ayumu Kikkawa & Felix Tintelnot, 2017. "Trade and Domestic Production Networks," 2017 Meeting Papers 381, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    6. Céline CARRERE & Vanessa STRAUSS-KAHN, 2014. "Developing Countries Exports Survival in the OECD: Does Experience Matter?," Working Papers P100, FERDI.
    7. repec:eee:eecrev:v:98:y:2017:i:c:p:169-188 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Yoto Yotov & Mario Larch & James Anderson, 2015. "Growth and Trade: A Structural Estimation Framework," 2015 Meeting Papers 851, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    9. Pol Antràs & Alonso de Gortari, 2016. "On the Geography of Global Value Chains," Working Paper 443991, Harvard University OpenScholar.
    10. Mion, Giordano & Opromolla, Luca David & Sforza, Alessandro, 2016. "The Diffusion of Knowledge via Managers' Mobility," CEPR Discussion Papers 11706, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    11. Mariasole Bann√ö & Diego Giuliani & Enrico Zaninotto, 2014. "Going abroad on regional shoulders: The role of spillovers on the composition of regional exports," DEM Discussion Papers 2014/06, Department of Economics and Management.
    12. Mau, Karsten, 2017. "US policy spillover(?) – China’s accession to the WTO and rising exports to the EU," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 169-188.
    13. Marc-Andreas Muendler & James E. Rauch, 2018. "Do Employee Spinoffs Learn Markets from their Parents? Evidence from International Trade," CESifo Working Paper Series 6892, CESifo Group Munich.
    14. Doireann Fitzgerald & Stefanie Haller, 2014. "Exporters and Shocks: Dissecting the International Elasticity Puzzle," Working Papers 201408, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    15. Diez, Federico J. & Mora, Jesse & Spearot, Alan C., 2016. "Firms in international trade," Working Papers 16-25, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
    16. Aksel Erbahar, 2017. "Market Knowledge: Evidence from Importers," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 17-012/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
    17. Céline Carrère & Vanessa Strauss-Kahn, 2017. "Export survival and the dynamics of experience," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 153(2), pages 271-300, May.
    18. Costas Arkolakis & Marc-Andreas Muendler, 2010. "The Extensive Margin of Exporting Products: A Firm-level Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 3309, CESifo Group Munich.
    19. Alessia LO TURCO & Daniela MAGGIONI, 2016. "For God's sake. The impact of religious proximity on firms' exports," Working Papers 418, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.

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    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L65 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Chemicals; Rubber; Drugs; Biotechnology; Plastics

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