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The Resilience of FDI to Natural Disasters through Industrial Linkages

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  • Hayato Kato
  • Toshihiro Okubo

Abstract

When do multinationals show resilience during natural disasters? To answer this, we develop a simple model in which foreign multinationals and local firms in the host country are interacted through input-output linkages. When natural disasters seriously hit local firms and thus increase the cost of sourcing local intermediate inputs, most multinationals may leave the host country. However, they are likely to stay if they are tightly linked with local suppliers and face low trade costs of importing foreign intermediates. We further provide a number of extensions of the basic model to incorporate, for example, multinationals with heterogeneous productivity and disaster reconstruction.

Suggested Citation

  • Hayato Kato & Toshihiro Okubo, 2022. "The Resilience of FDI to Natural Disasters through Industrial Linkages," Papers 2201.06197, arXiv.org, revised Apr 2022.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:2201.06197
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    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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