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Trade and Domestic Production Networks

Author

Listed:
  • Felix Tintelnot
  • Ayumu Ken Kikkawa
  • Magne Mogstad
  • Emmanuel Dhyne

Abstract

We use Belgian data with information on domestic firm-to-firm sales and foreign trade transactions to study how international trade affects firms' unit cost and the consumer's real wage. We show theoretically that the gains from trade depend on domestic firm-to-firm linkages. Furthermore, we develop a tractable model of endogenous network formation, allowing firm-to-firm connections to form or break in response to import price changes. Quantitatively, we find that for small import price changes, alternative models that assume a roundabout production structure, despite falsely implying that all firms are connected within one link, yield similar predictions for the change in the real wage to the model that fits the actual linkages between firms. For large changes in the price of foreign goods, both the existing network structure and the endogeneity of the connections between firms are found to be quantitatively important.

Suggested Citation

  • Felix Tintelnot & Ayumu Ken Kikkawa & Magne Mogstad & Emmanuel Dhyne, 2018. "Trade and Domestic Production Networks," NBER Working Papers 25120, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:25120
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrew B. Bernard & Andreas Moxnes, 2018. "Networks and Trade," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 10(1), pages 65-85, August.
    2. repec:anr:reveco:v:10:y:2018:p:207-236 is not listed on IDEAS
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    4. Carvalho, Vasco M & Tahbaz-Salehi, Alireza, 2018. "Production Networks: A Primer," CEPR Discussion Papers 13421, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Johannes Boehm & Ezra Oberfield, 2018. "Misallocation in the Market for Inputs: Enforcement and the Organization of Production," Sciences Po publications 2018-04, Sciences Po.
    6. LI Zhigang & WEI Shang-Jin & ZHANG Hongyong, 2018. "Production Chains, Exchange Rate Shocks, and Firm Performance," Discussion papers 18058, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    7. Hansman, Christopher & Hjort, Jonas & Le�n, Gianmarco & Teachout, Matthieu, 2017. "Vertical Integration, Supplier Behavior, and Quality Upgrading among Exporters," CEPR Discussion Papers 12518, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Taiji Furusawa & Tomohiko Inui & Keiko Ito & Heiwai Tang, 2017. "Global Sourcing and Domestic Production Networks," CESifo Working Paper Series 6658, CESifo Group Munich.
    9. Kun Jiang & Wolfgang Keller & Larry D. Qiu & William Ridley, 2018. "International Joint Ventures and Internal vs. External Technology Transfer: Evidence from China," CESifo Working Paper Series 7065, CESifo Group Munich.
    10. Emmanuel Dhyne & Glenn Magerman & Ayumu Ken kikkawa, 2019. "Imperfect Competition in Firm-to-Firm Trade," Working Papers ECARES 2019-05, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    11. Kirill Borusyak & Xavier Jaravel, 2018. "The Distributional Effects of Trade: Theory and Evidence from the United States," 2018 Meeting Papers 284, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    12. Cédric Duprez & Glenn Magerman, 2019. "Price Updating with Production Networks," Working Papers ECARES 2019-07, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation

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