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The Belgian production network 2002-2012

Author

Listed:
  • Glenn Magerman

    (KULeuven, University of Leuven, Faculty of Business and Economics, Centre for Economic Studies)

  • Emmanuel Dhyne

    (Economics and Research Department, National Bank of Belgium)

  • Stela Rubínova

    (The Graduate Institute, Geneva)

Abstract

This paper presents the Belgian inter-firm network for the years 2002 to 2012. Combining raw data from VAT listings, VAT declarations and annual accounts information, we build a unique and consistent database containing values of transactions between enterprises in the Belgian economy. The dataset spans Primary Industries, Manufacturing, Utilities, Market Services and Non-Market Services. This dataset, unparalleled in coverage at the firm-to-firm level and its panel dimension, allows one to analyze a broad spectrum of research questions in industrial organization, international trade, network theory etc. As a simple example of the potential of this dataset, we evaluate the position of enterprises in the Belgian network, their distance to final demand and their relationship with exports and imports. The degree of upstreamness, defined as a weighted distance to final demand, of the average enterprise is 1.6, ranging between 1 and 9.5. While only 5 % of enterprises export, 82 % of the enterprises in the Belgian network are producing goods and services that are either directly or indirectly exported after transformation or use. On the ip side, only 9 % of enterprises are importers but 99 % of firms are either importers or have importers in their supply chain and therefore consume imported inputs indirectly. However, we find large interand intra-sectoral as well as inter-regional heterogeneity in enterprise positions in the Belgian production network.

Suggested Citation

  • Glenn Magerman & Emmanuel Dhyne & Stela Rubínova, 2015. "The Belgian production network 2002-2012," Working Paper Research 288, National Bank of Belgium.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbb:reswpp:201510-288
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    11. Glenn Magerman & Karolien De Bruyne & Emmanuel Dhyne & Jan Van Hove, 2016. "Heterogeneous firms and the micro origins of aggregate fluctuations," Working Paper Research 312, National Bank of Belgium.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bems, Rudolfs & Kikkawa, Ayumu Ken, 2021. "Measuring trade in value added with firm-level data," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 129(C).
    2. Vasco M Carvalho & Makoto Nirei & Yukiko U Saito & Alireza Tahbaz-Salehi, 2021. "Supply Chain Disruptions: Evidence from the Great East Japan Earthquake," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 136(2), pages 1255-1321.
    3. Andrew B. Bernard & Andreas Moxnes, 2018. "Networks and Trade," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 10(1), pages 65-85, August.
    4. Magne Mogstad & Emmanuel Dhyne & Ayumu Kikkawa & Felix Tintelnot, 2017. "Trade and Domestic Production Networks," 2017 Meeting Papers 381, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. Nicola Gagliardi & Benoît Mahy & François Rycx, 2021. "Upstreamness, Wages and Gender: Equal Benefits for All?," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 59(1), pages 52-83, March.
    6. Emmanuel Dhyne & Cedric Duprez, 2017. "It’s a Small, Small World... A Guided Tour of the Belgian Production Network," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 32, pages 84-96, Spring.
    7. Emmanuel Dhyne & Glenn Magerman & Ayumu Ken kikkawa, 2019. "Imperfect Competition in Firm-to-Firm Trade," Working Papers ECARES 2019-05, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    8. Bryan S. Graham, 2019. "Network Data," Papers 1912.06346, arXiv.org.
    9. E. Dhyne & C. Duprez & C. Fuss, 2015. "Main CompNet research results," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue iii, pages 103-116, December.
    10. Benoît Mahy & François Rycx & Guillaume Vermeylen & Mélanie Volral, 2018. "Productivity, wages and profits: Does firms’ position in the value chain matter?," Working Paper Research 358, National Bank of Belgium.
    11. Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov & Engberg, Erik & Halvarsson, Daniel & Kokko, Ari & Tingvall, Patrik, 2019. "Wholesale firms: A catalyst for Swedish exports?," Ratio Working Papers 328, The Ratio Institute.
    12. E. Dhyne & C. Duprez, 2016. "Three Regions, three economies ?," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue iii, pages 59-73, December.
    13. Cédric Duprez & Glenn Magerman, 2019. "Price Updating with Production Networks," Working Papers ECARES 2019-07, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    14. Masahiro Endoh, 2020. "The Impact of Firms' International Trade on Domestic Suppliers," Keio-IES Discussion Paper Series 2020-016, Institute for Economics Studies, Keio University.
    15. E. Dhyne & C. Duprez, 2017. "The world is a village… The integration of Belgian firms into the world economy," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue ii, pages 25-36, september.
    16. Connell, William & Dhyne, Emmanuel & Vandenbussche, Hylke, 2019. "Learning About Demand Abroad From Wholesalers: a B2B Analysis," CEPR Discussion Papers 14123, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    17. Cedric Duprez & Glenn Magerman, 2018. "Price Updating in Production Networks," Working Paper Research 352, National Bank of Belgium.
    18. Dhyne, Emmanuel & Konings, Jozef & Van den bosch, Jeroen & Vanormelingen, Stijn, 2018. "The Return on Information Technology: Who Benefits Most?," CEPR Discussion Papers 13246, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Enterprises; firm-level analysis; networks; international trade;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production

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