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Production Networks, Geography and Firm Performance

Author

Listed:
  • Bernard, Andrew B.
  • Moxnes, Andreas
  • Saito, Yukiko U.

Abstract

This paper examines the importance of buyer-supplier relationships, geography and the structure of the production network in firm performance. We develop a simple model where firms can outsource tasks and search for suppliers in different locations. Low search and outsourcing costs lead firms to search more and find better suppliers. This in turn drives down the firm's marginal production costs. We test the theory by exploiting the opening of a high-speed (Shinkansen) train line in Japan which lowered the cost of passenger travel but left shipping costs unchanged. Using an exhaustive dataset on firms' buyer-seller linkages, we find significant improvements in firm performance as well as creation of new buyer-seller links, consistent with the model.

Suggested Citation

  • Bernard, Andrew B. & Moxnes, Andreas & Saito, Yukiko U., 2015. "Production Networks, Geography and Firm Performance," CEPR Discussion Papers 10551, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:10551
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. P. Charnoz & C. Lelarge & C. Trevien, 2016. "Communication Costs and the Internal Organization of Multi-Plant Businesses: Evidence from the Impact of the French High-Speed Rail," Documents de Travail de l'Insee - INSEE Working Papers g2016-02, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques.
    2. Magne Mogstad & Emmanuel Dhyne & Ayumu Kikkawa & Felix Tintelnot, 2017. "Trade and Domestic Production Networks," 2017 Meeting Papers 381, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. repec:eee:inecon:v:114:y:2018:i:c:p:299-315 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. INOUE Hiroyasu & NAKAJIMA Kentaro & SAITO Yukiko, 2017. "The Impact of the Opening of High-Speed Rail on Innovation," Discussion papers 17034, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    5. Evangelia Leda Pateli, 2016. "Local and Sectoral Import Spillovers in Sweden," CEP Discussion Papers dp1437, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    6. repec:spr:jecstr:v:8:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1186_s40008-019-0139-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:eecrev:v:111:y:2019:i:c:p:1-34 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Fally, Thibault & Hillberry, Russell, 2018. "A Coasian model of international production chains," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 299-315.
    9. ITO Tadashi & SAITO Yukiko, 2018. "Indirect Trade and Direct Trade: Evidence from Japanese firm transaction data," Discussion papers 18065, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    10. Muscillo, Alessio & Pin, Paolo & Razzolini, Tiziano & Serti, Francesco, 2018. "Does "Network Closure" Beef up Import Premium?," IZA Discussion Papers 12036, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    11. repec:eee:phsmap:v:519:y:2019:i:c:p:1-17 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. LU Yi & OGURA Yoshiaki & TODO Yasuyuki & ZHU Lianming, 2017. "Supply Chain Disruptions and Trade Credit," Discussion papers 17054, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    13. El-Sahli, Zouheir & Gullstrand, Joakim & Olofsdotter, Karin, 2017. "The Internal and External Effects of Offshoring on Job Security," Working Papers 2017:14, Lund University, Department of Economics.
    14. Behrens, Kristian & Sharunova, Vera, 2015. "Inter- and intra-firm linkages: Evidence from microgeographic location patterns," CEPR Discussion Papers 10921, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    15. FURUSAWA Taiji & ITO Keiko & INUI Tomohiko & Heiwai TANG, 2015. "Offshoring, Relationship-Specificity, and Domestic Production Networks," Discussion papers 15122, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    16. Glenn Magerman & Karolien De Bruyne & Emmanuel Dhyne & Jan Van Hove, 2016. "Heterogeneous Firms and the Micro Origins of Aggregate Fluctuations," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2016-35, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    17. Jonathan EATON & Samuel KORTUM & Francis KRAMARZ, 2016. "Firm-to-Firm Trade: Imports, exports, and the labor market," Discussion papers 16048, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    18. Emmanuel Dhyne & Glenn Magerman & Ayumu Ken kikkawa, 2019. "Imperfect Competition in Firm-to-Firm Trade," Working Papers ECARES 2019-05, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    19. FUJII Daisuke & SAITO Yukiko & SENGA Tatsuro, 2017. "The Dynamics of Inter-firm Networks and Firm Growth," Discussion papers 17110, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    20. Glenn Magerman & Emmanuel Dhyne & Stela RubĂ­nova, 2015. "The Belgian production network 2002-2012," Working Paper Research 288, National Bank of Belgium.
    21. repec:eee:retrec:v:63:y:2017:i:c:p:38-49 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Leda Pateli, Evangelia, 2016. "Local and sectoral import spillovers in Sweden," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 67672, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    23. Tan, Yong & Shao, Yuchen, 2016. "The Impact of Demand Shocks on Firm-Level Offshoring Behavior: Theory and Evidence," MPRA Paper 68728, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    24. Kevin Lim, 2017. "Firm-to-firm Trade in Sticky Production Networks," 2017 Meeting Papers 280, Society for Economic Dynamics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    firm-to-firm neworks; infrastructure; productivity; trade;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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