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Global Value Chains

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  • Antràs, Pol
  • CHOR, HAN PING DAVIN

Abstract

This paper surveys the recent body of work in economics on the importance of global value chains (GVCs) in shaping international trade flows and multinational activity. On the empirical front, we begin reviewing several variants of the "macro approach" to measuring the relevance of global production sharing in the world economy, and we also offer a critical evaluation of the country- and industry-level datasets (or World Input Output Tables) that have been used to date. We next discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a burgeoning alternative "micro approach" that has instead employed firm-level datasets to document the ways in which firms have sliced up their value chains across countries. On the theoretical front, we propose an analogous dissection of the literature. First, we review a vast body of work developing country- and industry-level quantitative frameworks that are easily calibrated with World Input Output Tables, and that open the door for counterfactual exercises with minimal demands on estimation. Second, we overview micro-level frameworks that have treated firms rather than countries or industries as the relevant unit of analysis, and that have unveiled a number of distinctive mechanisms by which GVCs shape the determinants and consequences of international trade flows in ways distinct from traditional models of international trade. We close this survey with a discussion of a still infant literature on the desirability and effects of trade policy in a world of GVCs.

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  • Antràs, Pol & CHOR, HAN PING DAVIN, 2021. "Global Value Chains," CEPR Discussion Papers 15908, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:15908
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    10. Rossella Bardazzi & Leonardo Ghezzi, 2021. "Large-scale Multinational Shocks and International Trade: a Non-zero-sum Game," Working Papers - Economics wp2021_09.rdf, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze per l'Economia e l'Impresa.
    11. Jaan Masso & Priit Vahter, 2021. "Joining And Exiting The Value Chain Of Multinationals And The Performance Of Suppliers: Evidence From Inter-Firm Transaction Data," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 136, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
    12. Garbellini, Nadia, 2021. "International trade as a process of choice of technique," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 42-50.
    13. Jonathan Eaton & David Jinkins & James Tybout & Daniel Yi Xu, 2022. "Two-sided Search in International Markets," Working Papers 22-02, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    14. Chad Brown & Paola Conconi & Aksel Erbahar & Lorenzo Trimarchi, 2020. "Trade Protection Along Supply Chains," Working Papers ECARES 2020-52, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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    19. Minetti, Raoul & Murro, Pierluigi & Peruzzi, Valentina, 2022. "Out of sight, out of mind? Global chains, export, and credit allocation in bad times," Working Papers 2022-2, Michigan State University, Department of Economics.
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    21. Haya Hoja & Pei Yu, 2022. "Developing and Enhancing the Competitiveness of the Palestinian National Product: The Leather and Footwear Sector—Analysis and Evaluation of Government Interventions," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(13), pages 1-29, June.
    22. Steven Brakman & Charles van Marrewijk & Charles van Marrewijk, 2022. "Tasks, Occupations, and Slowbalization: On the Limits of Fragmentation," CESifo Working Paper Series 9514, CESifo.
    23. Carlo Pietrobelli & Roberta Rabellotti & Ari Van Assche, 2021. "Making sense of global value chain-oriented policies: The trifecta of tasks, linkages, and firms," Journal of International Business Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 4(3), pages 327-346, September.

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    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
    • F6 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization

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