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A Coasian Model of International Production Chains

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  • Fally, Thibault
  • Hillberry, Russell

Abstract

International supply chains require coordination of numerous activities across multiple countries and firms. We adapt a model of supply chains and apply it to an international trade setting. In each chain, the measure of tasks completed within a firm is determined by a tradeoff between transaction costs and diseconomies of scope linked to management of a larger measure of tasks within the firm. The structural parameters that determine firm scope explain variation in supply-chain length and gross-output-to-value-added ratios, and determine countries' comparative advantage along and across supply chains. We calibrate the model to match key observables in East Asia, and evaluate implications of changes in model parameters for trade, welfare, the length of supply chains and countries' relative position within them.

Suggested Citation

  • Fally, Thibault & Hillberry, Russell, 2018. "A Coasian Model of International Production Chains," CEPR Discussion Papers 13062, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:13062
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    Cited by:

    1. Johannes Boehm, 2014. "The Impact of Contract Enforcement Costs on Outsourcing and Aggregate Productivity," 2014 Meeting Papers 340, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Njike, Arnold, 2020. "Trade in value-added and the welfare gains of international fragmentation," MPRA Paper 100427, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Thibault Fally & James Sayre, 2018. "Commodity Trade Matters," 2018 Meeting Papers 172, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    4. Arnold Njike, 2019. "Trade in value-added and the welfare gains of global value," Working Papers 2019.06, International Network for Economic Research - INFER.
    5. Chor, Davin & Manova, Kalina & Yu, Zhihong, 2021. "Growing like China: Firm performance and global production line position," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(C).
    6. Benjamin Jones & Viet Nguyen-Tien & Robert J R Elliott, 2021. "The EV Revolution: Critical Material Supply Chains, Trade, and Development," Discussion Papers 21-15, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham.
    7. E. Dhyne & C. Duprez, 2017. "The world is a village… The integration of Belgian firms into the world economy," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue ii, pages 25-36, september.
    8. Bosker, Maarten & Westbrock, Bastian, 2018. "The network origins of the gains from trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 13285, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Johannes Boehm, 2014. "The Impact of Contract Enforcement Costs on Outsourcing and Aggregate Productivity," 2014 Meeting Papers 340, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    10. Kikuchi, Tomoo & Nishimura, Kazuo & Stachurski, John, 2018. "Span of control, transaction costs and the structure of production chains," Theoretical Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 13(2), May.
    11. Emmanuel Dhyne & Cedric Duprez, 2017. "It’s a Small, Small World... A Guided Tour of the Belgian Production Network," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 32, pages 84-96, Spring.
    12. Udo Kreickemeier & Zhan Qu, 2020. "International trade with sequential production," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 69(4), pages 1101-1125, June.
    13. Gaaitzen de Vries & Aobo Jiang & Oscar Lemmers & Shang‐Jin Wei, 2021. "Firm productivity and functional specialisation," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(5), pages 1232-1260, May.
    14. Marcel P. Timmer & Bart Los & Robert Stehrer & Gaaitzen J. Vries, 2021. "Supply Chain Fragmentation and the Global Trade Elasticity: A New Accounting Framework," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 69(4), pages 656-680, December.
    15. Johannes Boehm, 2014. "The Impact of Contract Enforcement Costs on Outsourcing and Aggregate Productivity," 2014 Meeting Papers 340, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    16. Hiroyasu Inoue & Yohsuke Murase & Yasuyuki Todo, 2021. "Do economic effects of the anti-COVID-19 lockdowns in different regions interact through supply chains?," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 16(7), pages 1-19, July.
    17. Michael Sposi & Kei-Mu Yi & Jing Zhang, 2021. "Trade Integration, Global Value Chains, and Capital Accumulation," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 69(3), pages 505-539, September.
    18. Johannes Boehm, 2014. "The Impact of Contract Enforcement Costs on Outsourcing and Aggregate Productivity," 2014 Meeting Papers 340, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    19. Peter B. Dixon & Maureen Rimmer, 2019. "Integrating a Global Supply Chain Model With a Computable General Equilibrium Model," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-292, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
    20. Dixon, Peter B. & Rimmer, Maureen T., 2022. "Winners and losers in global supply chain trade: Embedding GSC in CGE," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 106(C).
    21. Cosimo Beverelli & Victor Stolzenburg & Robert B. Koopman & Simon Neumueller, 2019. "Domestic value chains as stepping stones to global value chain integration," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(5), pages 1467-1494, May.
    22. Kikuchi, Tomoo & Nishimura, Kazuo & Stachurski, John & Zhang, Junnan, 2021. "Coase meets Bellman: Dynamic programming for production networks," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 196(C).
    23. Kenji Suganuma, 2016. "Upstreamness in the Global Value Chain: Manufacturing and Services," IMES Discussion Paper Series 16-E-02, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
    24. Patrick Alexander, 2021. "Vertical specialisation and gains from trade," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(4), pages 1110-1140, April.
    25. Johannes Boehm, 2014. "The Impact of Contract Enforcement Costs on Outsourcing and Aggregate Productivity," 2014 Meeting Papers 340, Society for Economic Dynamics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Boundary of the firm; Fragmentation of production; Trade in intermediate goods; transaction costs;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production

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