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Global Value Chains: Surveying Drivers, Measures and Impacts

  • João Amador
  • Sónia Cabral

The production of most goods and services is nowadays vertically fragmented across different countries. This paper surveys the growing empirical literature on global value chains (GVCs), acknowledged as the current paradigm for the international organisation of production. The paper starts by discussing the driving forces behind the significant expansion of GVCs in recent decades. Next, it surveys the indicators used to measure this phenomenon, accounting for their different scope and required datasets. Finally, the impacts of GVCs on trade flows, productivity and labour market developments, as well as some policy implications, are reviewed.

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