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Offshoring and the skill structure of labour demand

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  • Neil Foster-McGregor

    ()

  • Robert Stehrer

    ()

  • Gaaitzen Vries

    ()

Abstract

In this paper we examine the link between international outsourcing—or offshoring—and the skill structure of labour demand for a sample of 40 countries over the period 1995–2009. The paper uses data from the recently compiled World Input–Output Database to estimate a system of variable factor demand equations. These data allow us to exploit both a cross-country and cross-industry dimension and split employment into three skill categories. Our results indicate that while offshoring has impacted negatively upon all skill levels within industries, the largest impacts have been observed for medium-skilled workers. Such results are consistent with recent evidence indicating that medium-skilled workers have suffered to a greater extent than other skill types in recent years. Copyright Kiel Institute 2013

Suggested Citation

  • Neil Foster-McGregor & Robert Stehrer & Gaaitzen Vries, 2013. "Offshoring and the skill structure of labour demand," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 149(4), pages 631-662, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:weltar:v:149:y:2013:i:4:p:631-662 DOI: 10.1007/s10290-013-0163-4
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Offshoring; Trade; Wages; Labour demand; F14; J31;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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