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Does offshoring reduce industry employment?

Author

Listed:
  • Alexander Hijzen

    (OECD and GEP, University of Nottingham, UK)

  • Paul Swaim

    (OECD)

Abstract

This paper looks at the implications of offshoring for industry employment whilst explicitly accounting for the scale and technology effects of offshoring. The effects of offshoring on employment are analysed using industry-level data for 17 high income OECD countries. Our findings indicate that offshioring has no effect or a slight-positive effecton sectoral employment. Offshoring within the same industry (intra-industry offshoring) reduces the labour-intensity of production, but does not affect overall industry employment. Inter-industry offshoring does not affect labour-intensity, but may have a positive effect on overall industry employment. These finding suggest that the oroductivity gains from offshoring are succiciently large that the jobs created by higher sales completely offset the jobs lost by relocating certain production stages to foreign production sites.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander Hijzen & Paul Swaim, 2007. "Does offshoring reduce industry employment?," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 201(1), pages 86-96, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:niesru:v:201:y:2007:i:1:p:86-96
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    Keywords

    internationsl ousourcing; labour demand;

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