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Offshoring and the Skill Structure of Labour Demand

  • Gaaitzen De Vries
  • Neil Foster-McGregor

    ()

    (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)

  • Robert Stehrer

    ()

    (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)

In this paper we examine the link between international outsourcing – or offshoring – and the skill structure of labour demand for a sample of 40 countries over the period 1995 2009. The paper uses data from the recently compiled World-Input-Output-Database (WIOD) to estimate a system of variable factor demand equations. These data allow us to exploit both a cross-country and cross-industry dimension and split employment into three skill categories. Our results indicate that while offshoring has impacted negatively upon all skill levels, the largest impacts have been observed for medium-skilled (and to a lesser extent high-skilled) workers. Such results are consistent with recent evidence indicating that medium-skilled workers have suffered to a greater extent than other skill types in recent years.

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File URL: http://www.wiiw.ac.at/offshoring-and-the-skill-structure-of-labour-demand-dlp-2638.pdf
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Paper provided by The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw in its series wiiw Working Papers with number 86.

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Length: 22 pages including 8 Tables and 4 Figures
Date of creation: Jun 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published as wiiw Working Paper
Handle: RePEc:wii:wpaper:86
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  16. Vries, Gaaitzen J. de & Stehrer, Robert & Los, Bart & Erumban, Abdul Azeez & Timmer, Marcel, 2013. "Slicing Up Global Value Chains," GGDC Research Memorandum GD-135, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, University of Groningen.
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