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Domestic Value Added and Employment Generated by Chinese Exports: A Quantitative Estimation

Author

Listed:
  • Chen, Xikang
  • Cheng, Leonard
  • Fung, K.C.
  • Lau, Lawrence J.
  • Sung, YunWing
  • Yang, C.
  • Zhu, K.
  • Pei, J.
  • Tang, Z.

Abstract

We develop an input-output methodology to estimate how Chinese exports affect the country’s total domestic value added (DVA) and employment for 1995 and 2002. Total DVA generated by exports is obtained by subtracting all direct and indirect imported intermediate goods from the gross value of exports, and total employment is obtained by adding all direct and indirect employment generated by exports. To implement these estimations, we use hitherto unpublished Chinese government data to construct several completely new datasets, including an input-output table with separate input-output and employment-output coefficients for processing and non-processing exports. In 2002 (1995), for every US$1,000 dollar of Chinese exports, DVA and employment are estimated to be US$466 (US$545) and 0.242 (0.375) person-year, respectively.

Suggested Citation

  • Chen, Xikang & Cheng, Leonard & Fung, K.C. & Lau, Lawrence J. & Sung, YunWing & Yang, C. & Zhu, K. & Pei, J. & Tang, Z., 2008. "Domestic Value Added and Employment Generated by Chinese Exports: A Quantitative Estimation," MPRA Paper 15663, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:15663
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Yun-Wing Sung, 2007. "Made in China: From World Sweatshop to a Global Manufacturing Center?," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 6(3), pages 43-72, Fall.
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    7. Mary Amiti & Caroline Freund, 2010. "The Anatomy of China's Export Growth," NBER Chapters, in: China's Growing Role in World Trade, pages 35-56, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Input-output tables; Chinese exports; employment; domestic value added;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • P33 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - International Trade, Finance, Investment, Relations, and Aid
    • P45 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - International Linkages
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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