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Service offshoring and firm employment

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  • Eppinger, Peter S.

Abstract

Major technological advances have recently spurred a new wave of offshoring in services, which used to be non-tradable. Should service workers in developed countries worry about their jobs? Trade theory has given a nuanced answer to this question, suggesting that efficiency gains from offshoring may counteract direct job losses, which leaves the predicted net effect ambiguous. This paper investigates the employment effects of service offshoring in a newly combined and exceptionally detailed panel dataset, covering almost the entire universe of German firms' service imports over the years 2002-2013. It exploits firm-specific export supply shocks by partner countries and service types as an instrumental variable to find that service offshoring has increased firm employment. In line with the canonical trade in tasks model, the employment gains are greater in firms with higher initial levels of service offshoring.

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  • Eppinger, Peter S., 2017. "Service offshoring and firm employment," University of Tübingen Working Papers in Business and Economics 103, University of Tuebingen, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, School of Business and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:tuewef:103
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    3. Ariu, Andrea & Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina & Jensen, J. Bradford & Tamminen, Saara, 2019. "Service Imports, Workforce Composition, and Firm Performance: Evidence from Finnish Microdata," ETLA Working Papers 70, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
    4. Sleuwaegen, Leo & Smith, Peter M., 2021. "Service characteristics and the choice between exports and FDI: Evidence from Belgian firms," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 168(C), pages 115-131.
    5. Fuster, Begoña & Lillo-Bañuls, Adelaida & Martínez-Mora, Carmen, 2019. "The effects of service offshoring on employment," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 529-538.
    6. Carmine Ornaghi & Ilke Van Beveren & Stijn Vanormelingen, 2021. "The impact of service and goods offshoring on employment: Firm‐level evidence," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 54(2), pages 677-711, May.
    7. Edouard Ribes, 2021. "What is the effect of labor displacement on management consultants?," SN Business & Economics, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 1-22, February.
    8. Maksim Evseevich Krivelevich, 2019. "Export-Oriented Financial Center in the Russian Far East: Abstraction or Reality?," Spatial Economics=Prostranstvennaya Ekonomika, Economic Research Institute, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences (Khabarovsk, Russia), issue 2, pages 75-91.
    9. Martina Magli, 2020. "The Direct and Indirect Effect of Services Offshoring on Local Labour Market Outcomes," CESifo Working Paper Series 8413, CESifo.
    10. Kaus, Wolfhard & Zimmermann, Markus, 2022. "Offshoring, domestic employment and production: Evidence from the German International Sourcing Survey," IWH Discussion Papers 14/2022, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    11. Körner, Konstantin, 2021. "The Wage Effects of Offshoring to the East and West: Evidence from Germany," IAB-Discussion Paper 202115, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

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    18. Elisa Borghi & Rosario Crinò, 2013. "Service offshoring and wages: worker-level evidence from Italy," LIUC Papers in Economics 264, Cattaneo University (LIUC).
    19. Körner, Konstantin, 2021. "The Wage Effects of Offshoring to the East and West: Evidence from Germany," IAB-Discussion Paper 202115, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    20. Aleksandra Parteka & Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz, 2019. "Global Value Chains and Wages: Multi-Country Evidence from Linked Worker-Industry Data," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 505-539, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    service offshoring; employment; firm-level data; service trade; trade in tasks;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F66 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Labor
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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