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Going multinational: What are the effects on home market performance?

  • Jäckle, Robert

A number of recent studies nd evidence for the existence of a persistent performance gap between multinational enterprises (MNE) and their domestic competitors. Therefore, the question arises whether successful rms become MNEs or whether going abroad improves home market performance. This paper investigates to what extent MNEs have superior performance characteristics, both prior to and after they have switched from national to multinational activities. In the rst case results are quite clear: Future multinationals outperform domestic rms. Since self-selection occurs, an endogenous treatment approach is necessary for comparing ex-post performance of rms. Using probit estimates of the decision to become a MNE, Heckman's (1978) treatment model is applied to account for potential endogeneity issues. The results suggest that after switching, both productivity and wage growth are higher for newly founded MNEs than for national rms. Employment growth is superior before switching but does not exhibit signi cantly higher ex-post growth rates. Moreover, capital intensities at multinationals evolve towards the use of capital.

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Paper provided by Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre in its series Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies with number 2006,03.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdp1:4240
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  1. Falko Fecht & Kevin X.D. Huang & Antoine Martin, 2007. "Financial Intermediaries, Markets, and Growth," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 0714, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.
  2. John Y. Campbell & Jens Hilscher & Jan Szilagyi, 2008. "In Search of Distress Risk," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 63(6), pages 2899-2939, December.
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  4. Muendler, Marc-Andreas, 2006. "Margins of Multinational Labor Substitution," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt6b2236xm, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
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  7. Sascha O. Becker & Robert Jäckle & Marc-Andreas Mündler, 2005. "Kehren deutsche Firmen ihrer Heimat den Rücken? - Ausländische Direktinvestitionen deutscher Unternehmen," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 58(01), pages 23-33, 01.
  8. Becker, Sascha O. & Ekholm, Karolina & Jäckle, Robert & Muendler, Marc-Andreas, 2005. "Location Choice and Employment Decisions: A Comparison of German and Swedish Multinationals," CEPR Discussion Papers 4887, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Slacalek, Jirka & Fritsche, Ulrich & Dovern, Jonas & Döpke, Jörg, 2005. "European inflation expectations dynamics," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2005,37, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
  10. Sascha O. Becker & Marc-Andreas Muendler, 2006. "The Effect of FDI on Job Separation," CESifo Working Paper Series 1864, CESifo Group Munich.
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  12. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, June.
  13. Marin, Dalia, 2004. "'A Nation of Poets and Thinkers' - Less So with Eastern Enlargement? Austria and Germany," Discussion Papers in Economics 329, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  14. Giorgio Barba Navaretti & Davide Castellani, 2003. "Investments Abroad and Performance at Home Evidence from Italian Multinationals," Development Working Papers 180, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  15. von Kalckreuth, Ulf, 2005. "A "wreckers theory" of financial distress," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2005,40, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
  16. Michael Pfaffermayr, 1999. "Ownership Advantages, Foreign Production and Productivity: Evidence from Austrian Manufacturing Firms," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 15(4), pages 379-396, December.
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