Exceptional Exporter Performance: Cause, Effect, or Both?
A growing body of empirical work has documented the superior performance characteristics" of exporting plants and firms relative to non-exporters. Employment, shipments and capital intensity are all higher at exporters at any given moment. This paper asks whether good" firms become exporters or whether exporting improves firm performance. The evidence is quite" clear on one point: good firms become exporters, both growth rates and levels of success measures" are higher ex-ante for exporters. The benefits of exporting for the firm are less clear. Employment" growth and the probability of survival are both higher for exporters; however growth is not superior, particularly over longer horizons.
|Date of creation:||Nov 1997|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||published as Journal of International Economics, Vol. 47, no. 1 (February 1999): 1-25.|
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- Bernard, A. & Wagner, J., 1996.
"Exports and Success in German Manufacturing,"
96-10, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
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NBER Working Papers
8349, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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94-13, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
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