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Offshoring domestic jobs

Author

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  • Egger, Hartmut
  • Kreickemeier, Udo
  • Wrona, Jens

Abstract

We develop a two-country general equilibrium model, in which heterogeneous firms offshore routine tasks to a low-wage host country. In the presence of fixed costs for offshoring the most productive firms self-select into offshoring, which leads to a reallocation of domestic labor towards less productive uses if offshoring costs are high. As a consequence domestic welfare may fall. The reallocation effect is reversed and domestic welfare rises if offshoring costs are low. The aggregate income distribution, comprising wages and entrepreneurial incomes, becomes more unequal with offshoring.

Suggested Citation

  • Egger, Hartmut & Kreickemeier, Udo & Wrona, Jens, 2015. "Offshoring domestic jobs," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(1), pages 112-125.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:inecon:v:97:y:2015:i:1:p:112-125
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2015.03.010
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    Cited by:

    1. Van Biesebroeck, Johannes & Zhang, Lijun, 2014. "Interdependent product cycles for globally sourced intermediates," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(1), pages 143-156.
    2. repec:eee:eecrev:v:94:y:2017:i:c:p:71-89 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Peter S. Eppinger, 2014. "Exploiting the Potential for Services Offshoring: Evidence from German Firms," IAW Discussion Papers 109, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
    4. repec:eee:inecon:v:111:y:2018:i:c:p:21-33 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Tobias Brändle & Andreas Koch, 2015. "Offshoreability and wages. Evidence from German task data," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 42(2), pages 189-216, June.
    6. Daron Acemoglu & Gino Gancia & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2015. "Offshoring and Directed Technical Change," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 7(3), pages 84-122, July.
    7. Hummels, David & Munch, Jakob R. & Xiang, Chong, 2016. "Offshoring and Labor Markets," IZA Discussion Papers 9741, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Eckel, Carsten & Irlacher, Michael, 2017. "Multi-product offshoring," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 71-89.
    9. Stella Capuano & Hartmut Egger & Michael Koch & Hans-Jörg Schmerer, 2017. "Offshoring and Firm Overlap," CESifo Working Paper Series 6361, CESifo Group Munich.
    10. Vallizadeh, Ehsan & Muysken, Joan & Ziesemer, Thomas, 2016. "Offshoring Medium-Skill Tasks, Low-Skill Unemployment and the Skill-Wage Structure," MPRA Paper 75581, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Groizard, Jose L. & Ranjan, Priya & Rodriguez-Lopez, Antonio, 2014. "Offshoring and jobs: The myriad channels of influence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 221-239.
    12. Schmerer, Hans-Jörg & Capuano, Stella & Egger, Hartmut & Koch, Michael, 2015. "Offshoring and Firm Overlap," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 113147, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    13. Inoue, Atsushi & Jin, Lu & Rossi, Barbara, 2017. "Rolling window selection for out-of-sample forecasting with time-varying parameters," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 196(1), pages 55-67.
    14. Zierahn, Ulrich Theodor & Arntz, Melanie & Hogrefe, Jan, 2015. "Heterogeneous Labor Market Adjustments to Offshoring in European Regions," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 112976, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    15. Capuano, Stella & Egger, Hartmut & Koch, Michael & Schmerer, Hans-Jörg, 2017. "Offshoring and firm overlap," IAB Discussion Paper 201706, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    16. Hartmut Egger & Josef Falkinger, 2016. "Limited Consumer Attention in International Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(5), pages 1096-1128, November.
    17. Jose Luis Groizard & Priya Ranjan & Jose Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez, 2013. "Offshoring, Exporting, and Jobs," Working Papers 121312, University of California-Irvine, Department of Economics.
    18. Laurens Cherchye & Thomas Demuynck & Bram De Rock & Marijn Verschelde, 2018. "Nonparametric Production Analysis with Unobserved Heterogeneity in Productivity," Working Papers ECARES 2018-25, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    19. Irlacher, Michael & Baumgarten, Daniel & Koch, Michael, 2017. "Short- versus long-run effects of offshoring when sectors are heterogeneous," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168272, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Offshoring; Heterogeneous firms; Income inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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