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Offshoring and Firm Overlap

Author

Listed:
  • Stella Capuano
  • Hartmut Egger
  • Michael Koch
  • Hans-Jörg Schmerer

Abstract

We set up a model of offshoring with heterogeneous producers that captures two empirical regularities of German offshoring firms. There is selection of larger, more productive firms into offshoring. However, the selection is not sharp, and offshoring and non-offshoring firms coexist over a wide range of the revenue distribution. An overlap of offshoring and non-offshoring firms emerges in our model because, in contrast to textbook models of trade with heterogeneous producers, we allow firms to differ in two technology parameters thereby decoupling the offshoring status of a firm from its revenues. In an empirical analysis, we employ firm-level data from Germany to estimate key parameters of the model and show that ignoring the overlap lowers the estimated gains from offshoring by more than 50 percent and, at the same time, exaggerates substantially the importance of the extensive margin for explaining the evolution of German offshoring over the last 25 years.

Suggested Citation

  • Stella Capuano & Hartmut Egger & Michael Koch & Hans-Jörg Schmerer, 2017. "Offshoring and Firm Overlap," CESifo Working Paper Series 6361, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_6361
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Capuano, Stella & Hauptmann, Andreas & Schmerer, Hans-Jörg, 2020. "Trade and unions: Does size matter?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 66-75.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    offshoring; heterogeneous firms; firm overlap; quantitative trade model; extensive and intensive margins of offshoring;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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