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Offshoring and Firm Overlap

Author

Listed:
  • Stella Capuano
  • Hartmut Egger
  • Michael Koch
  • Hans-Jörg Schmerer

Abstract

We set up a model of offshoring with heterogeneous producers that captures two empirical regularities of German offshoring firms. There is selection of larger, more productive firms into offshoring. However, the selection is not sharp, and offshoring and non-offshoring firms coexist over a wide range of the revenue distribution. An overlap of offshoring and non-offshoring firms emerges in our model because, in contrast to textbook models of trade with heterogeneous producers, we allow firms to differ in two technology parameters thereby decoupling the offshoring status of a firm from its revenues. In an empirical analysis, we employ firm-level data from Germany to estimate key parameters of the model and show that ignoring the overlap lowers the estimated gains from offshoring by more than 50 percent and, at the same time, exaggerates substantially the importance of the extensive margin for explaining the evolution of German offshoring over the last 25 years.

Suggested Citation

  • Stella Capuano & Hartmut Egger & Michael Koch & Hans-Jörg Schmerer, 2017. "Offshoring and Firm Overlap," CESifo Working Paper Series 6361, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_6361
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hartmut Egger & Udo Kreickemeier & Jens Wrona, 2017. "Offshoring Domestic Jobs," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: International Trade and Labor Markets Welfare, Inequality and Unemployment, chapter 2, pages 27-70, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Marc J. Melitz, 2003. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1695-1725, November.
    3. Alan S. Blinder & Alan B. Krueger, 2013. "Alternative Measures of Offshorability: A Survey Approach," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(S1), pages 97-128.
    4. Hallak, Juan Carlos & Sivadasan, Jagadeesh, 2013. "Product and process productivity: Implications for quality choice and conditional exporter premia," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(1), pages 53-67.
    5. Christoph Moser & Dieter Urban & Beatrice Weder Di Mauro, 2015. "On The Heterogeneous Employment Effects Of Offshoring: Identifying Productivity And Downsizing Channels," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 53(1), pages 220-239, January.
    6. Swati Dhingra & John Morrow, 2019. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity under Firm Heterogeneity," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 127(1), pages 196-232.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Koch & Ilya Manuylov & Marcel Smolka, 2019. "Robots and firms," CESifo Working Paper Series 7608, CESifo.
    2. Capuano, Stella & Hauptmann, Andreas & Schmerer, Hans-Jörg, 2020. "Trade and unions: Does size matter?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 66-75.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    offshoring; heterogeneous firms; firm overlap; quantitative trade model; extensive and intensive margins of offshoring;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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