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Offshoring and directed technical change

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We study the short- and long-run implications of offshoring on innovation, technology adoption, wage and income inequality in a Ricardian model with directed technical change. In our model, profit maximization determines both the extent of offshoring and the direction of technological progress. A fall in the cost of offshoring induces technical change with an ambiguous factor bias. When the initial offshoring cost is high, an increase in offshoring opportunities triggers a transition with falling real wages for unskilled workers in the West, skill-biased technical change and rising skill premia worldwide. When the offshoring cost is sufficiently low, instead, further increases in offshoring opportunities induce technical change biased in favor of the unskilled workers and may lower the skill premium. Although offshoring improves the welfare of workers in the East, it may benefit or harm unskilled workers in the West depending on parameters, the level of offshoring and the equilibrium growth rate.

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  • Daron Acemoglu & Gino Gancia & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2012. "Offshoring and directed technical change," Economics Working Papers 1362, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Jun 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:1362
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:reveco:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:535-544 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Ashima Goyal, 2013. "Growth drivers: ICT and inclusive innovations," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2013-018, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    3. Gino Gancia, 2012. "Globalization, technology and inequality," Economics Working Papers 1363, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Nov 2012.
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    5. Linda Andersson & Patrik Karpaty & Selen Savsin, 2016. "Firm-level effects of offshoring of materials and services on relative labor demand," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 152(2), pages 321-350, May.
    6. Aleksandra Parteka & Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz, 2015. "Integrated sectors - diversified earnings: the (missing) impact of offshoring on wages and wage convergence in the EU27," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 13(3), pages 325-350, September.
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    8. repec:aea:aejmic:v:10:y:2018:i:1:p:67-101 is not listed on IDEAS
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    16. repec:eee:eecrev:v:98:y:2017:i:c:p:217-239 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    China; Directed Technical Change; Offshoring; Productivity growth; Skill Premium.;

    JEL classification:

    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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