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From China with love: Effects of the Chinese economy on skill-biased technical change in the US

  • Chu, Angus C.
  • Cozzi, Guido
  • Furukawa, Yuichi

In this study, we analyze the effects of labor shortage in China on the direction of innovation in the US by incorporating production offshoring into a North-South model of directed technical change. We �find that if offshoring is present (absent) in equilibrium, then a decrease (an increase) in unskilled labor in the South would lead to skill-biased technical change in the North. This fi�nding highlights the different implications of offshoring and conventional trade on innovation. Furthermore, we �find that an increase in the Southern stock of capital reduces offshoring and also leads to skill-biased technical change. Therefore, rapid capital accumulation and labor shortage in China could lead to a rising skill premium in the US. Calibrating the model to China-US data, we �find that a 1% decrease in unskilled labor (1% increase in capital) in China leads to a 0.8% (0.6%) increase in the skill premium in the US under a moderate elasticity of substitution between skill-intensive and labor-intensive goods.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 40555.

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Date of creation: Aug 2012
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40555
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