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Services Offshoring and Wages: Evidence from Micro Data

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  • Ingo Geishecker
  • Holger Görg

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of services offshoring on wages using individual level data combined with industry information on offshoring. Our results show that services offshoring affects the real wage of low and medium skilled individuals negatively. By contrast, skilled workers benefit from services offshoring in terms of higher real wages. Hence, offshoring has contributed to a widening of the wage gap between skilled and less skilled workers. This result is obtained while controlling for individual and sectoral observed and unobserved heterogeneity. In particular, our empirical model also controls for the impact of technological change and offshoring of materials.

Suggested Citation

  • Ingo Geishecker & Holger Görg, "undated". "Services Offshoring and Wages: Evidence from Micro Data," Discussion Papers 08/22, University of Nottingham, GEP.
  • Handle: RePEc:not:notgep:08/22
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Holger Görg & Dennis Görlich, 2015. "Offshoring, wages and job security of temporary workers," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 151(3), pages 533-554, August.
    2. Mery Patricia Tamayo & Elena Huergo, 2016. "The Effect of R&D Services Offshoring on Skilled Employment: Firm Evidence," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(9), pages 1414-1433, September.
    3. Petri Böckerman & Mika Maliranta, 2013. "Outsourcing, Occupational Restructuring, and Employee Well-Being: Is There a Silver Lining?," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(4), pages 878-914, October.
    4. Mery Patricia Tamayo & Elena Huergo, 2016. "The Effect of R&D Services Offshoring on Skilled Employment: Firm Evidence," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(9), pages 1414-1433, September.
    5. Rosario Crinò, "undated". "Service Offshoring and White-Collar Employment," Working Papers 391, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    6. Jan Hogrefe & Yao Yao, 2016. "Offshoring and labor income risk: an empirical investigation," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 1045-1063, May.
    7. Crinò, Rosario, 2010. "Employment effects of service offshoring: Evidence from matched firms," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 107(2), pages 253-256, May.
    8. Fiorini, Matteo & Hoekman, Bernard & Malgouyres, Clément, 2016. "Services Policy Reform and Manufacturing Employment: Evidence from Transition Economies," CEPR Discussion Papers 11694, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Carmine Ornaghi & Ilke Van Beveren & Stijn Vanormelingen, 2017. "The impact of service and goods offshoring on employment: firm-level evidence," Working Papers 1704, Council on Economic Policies.
    10. Éva Polgár & Julia Wörz, 2010. "No risk and some fun? Trade and wages in the enlarged European Union," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 37(2), pages 127-163, May.
    11. Davide Castellani & Maria Mancusi & Grazia Santangelo & Antonello Zanfei, 2015. "Special section: Offshoring, immigration and the labour market: a micro-level perspective," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 42(2), pages 157-162, June.
    12. Giuseppe Bognetti & Michele Santoni, 2010. "Can domestic unions gain from offshoring?," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 100(1), pages 51-67, May.
    13. Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz & Aleksandra Parteka, 2016. "The Effects Of Offshoring To Low-Wage Countries On Domestic Wages – A Worldwide Industrial Analysis," GUT FME Working Paper Series A 36, Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology.
    14. Schäffler, Johannes, 2016. "German Direct Investments in the Czech Republic – Employment Effects on German Multinational Enterprises," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145526, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    15. Sujata Basu, "undated". "R & D Sector Outsourcing, Human Capital Formation and Growth in the Context of Developed versus Developing Economies," Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi Discussion Papers 15-05, Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.
    16. Kim, Sung-min & Hwang, Jin-tae, 2016. "Offshoring, wages, and heterogeneity," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 37, pages 65-72.
    17. repec:krk:eberjl:v:5:y:2017:i:2:p:9-25 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Matthew Cole & Robert Elliott & Toshihiro Okubo, 2014. "International environmental outsourcing," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 150(4), pages 639-664, November.
    19. Uwitonze, Eric & Heshmati, Almas, 2016. "Service Sector Development and its Determinants in Rwanda," IZA Discussion Papers 10117, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    20. Blanchard, Emily & Willmann, Gerald, 2016. "Trade, education, and the shrinking middle class," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 263-278.
    21. João Amador & Sónia Cabral, 2014. "Global Value Chains: Surveying Drivers, Measures and Impacts," Working Papers w201403, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    22. bernhard Boockmann, 2014. "Offshoring Potential and Employment Dynamics," IAW Discussion Papers 111, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
    23. repec:kap:empiri:v:45:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10663-016-9352-4 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    services offshoring; individual wages;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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