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The impact of service and goods offshoring on employment : Firm-level evidence

Author

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  • Carmine Ornaghi

    (University of Southampton)

  • Ilke Van Beveren

    (CBS The Netherlands and KU Leuven)

  • Stijn vanormelingen,

    (KU Leuven)

Abstract

Advances in communication technology have led to a remarkable increase in the tradability of services, resulting in a substantial increase in offshoring of services over the last two decades. Research investigating how this surge in service offshoring affects employment, has been largely hampered by the paucity of suitable microdata. This paper tries to fill this gap by using a newly constructed database of Belgian firms that combines individual transaction-level data on international trade in goods and services with annual financial accounts. This unusually rich dataset allows us to produce fresh evidence on the impact of goods and service offshoring on total employment and employment by educational levels for both manufacturing industries and the service sectors. Our results show that: (i) goods offshoring has a positive impact on employment growth among workers with both low and high levels of education in the manufacturing industry but this effect disappears when controlling for scale effects; and (ii) service offshoring has a negative impact on employment growth among highly educated workers in the service sectors. This novel evidence suggests that globalization may threaten job security of higher educated workers too.

Suggested Citation

  • Carmine Ornaghi & Ilke Van Beveren & Stijn vanormelingen,, 2017. "The impact of service and goods offshoring on employment : Firm-level evidence," Working Paper Research 319, National Bank of Belgium.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbb:reswpp:201705-319
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    1. Pisch, Frank & Berlingieri, Giuseppe, 2022. "Managing Export Complexity: The Role of Service Outsourcing," Publications of Darmstadt Technical University, Institute for Business Studies (BWL) 135680, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute for Business Studies (BWL).
    2. Fuster, Begoña & Lillo-Bañuls, Adelaida & Martínez-Mora, Carmen, 2019. "The effects of service offshoring on employment," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 529-538.
    3. Eppinger, Peter S., 2019. "Service offshoring and firm employment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(C), pages 209-228.
    4. Jiwon Park, 2024. "Outsource to India: The impact of service outsourcing to India on the labor market in the United States," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 76(1), pages 203-222, January.

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    Keywords

    Offshoring; trade in services; labour markets;
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