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Import Competition and the Great US Employment Sag of the 2000s

In: Labor Markets in the Aftermath of the Great Recession

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  • Daron Acemoglu
  • David Autor
  • David Dorn
  • Gordon H. Hanson
  • Brendan Price

Abstract

Even before the Great Recession, U.S. employment growth was unimpressive. Between 2000 and 2007, the economy gave back the considerable employment gains achieved during the 1990s, with a historic contraction in manufacturing employment being a prime contributor to the slump. We estimate that import competition from China, which surged after 2000, was a major force behind both recent reductions in U.S. manufacturing employment and—through input-output linkages and other general equilibrium channels—weak overall U.S. job growth. Our central estimates suggest job losses from rising Chinese import competition over 1999 through 2011 in the range of 2.0 to 2.4 million.
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Suggested Citation

  • Daron Acemoglu & David Autor & David Dorn & Gordon H. Hanson & Brendan Price, 2013. "Import Competition and the Great US Employment Sag of the 2000s," NBER Chapters, in: Labor Markets in the Aftermath of the Great Recession, pages 141-198, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:13286
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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