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Testing the O-ring theory for FDI

  • Engemann, Martina
  • Lindemann, Henrike
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    Modern production processes often involve several sequential stages which are performed in many different countries. This pattern of vertical specialization does not only affect trade between countries but it is also of importance for foreign direct investment (FDI). In this paper, we therefore adopt the idea of Kremer (1993) and Costinot et al. (2011) of a sequential production process which is subject to mistakes to the theory of FDI. Using firm-level panel data on German outward FDI, we show that the affiliate sector's position in the value chain affects the firm's FDI location choice. Affiliates in sectors that are positioned toward the end of the value chain are more likely to be located in more productive countries.

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    File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/78228/1/756552923.pdf
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    Paper provided by Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre in its series Discussion Papers with number 24/2013.

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    Date of creation: 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdps:242013
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    1. Arnaud Costinot & Jonathan Vogel & Su Wang, 2013. "An Elementary Theory of Global Supply Chains," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 80(1), pages 109-144.
    2. Karolina Ekholm & Rikard Forslid & James Markusen, 2003. "Export-Platform Foreign Direct Investment," NBER Working Papers 9517, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Anna Maria Mayda & Dani Rodrik, 2001. "Why Are Some People (and Countries) More Protectionist Than Others?," NBER Working Papers 8461, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Kremer, Michael, 1993. "The O-Ring Theory of Economic Development," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 108(3), pages 551-75, August.
    5. David Hummels & Jun Ishii & Kei-Mu Yi, 1999. "The nature and growth of vertical specialization in world trade," Staff Reports 72, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    6. Chang, Pao-Li & Lu, Chia-Hui, 2012. "Risk and the technology content of FDI: A dynamic model," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(2), pages 306-317.
    7. Pol Antras & Davin Chor & Thibault Fally & Russell Hillberry, 2012. "Measuring the Upstreamness of Production and Trade Flows," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(3), pages 412-16, May.
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