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The Domestic Segment of Global Supply Chains in China under State Capitalism

Author

Listed:
  • Heiwai Tang

    (Johns Hopkins University and Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research)

  • Fei Wang

    (University of International Business and Economics)

  • Zhi Wang

    (United States International Trade Commission)

Abstract

This paper proposes methods to incorporate firm heterogeneity in the standard input-output table¡Vbased approach to portray the domestic segment of global value chains in a country. The analysis uses Chinese firm census data for the manufacturing and service sectors, along with constrained optimization techniques. The conventional input-output table is split into sub-accounts, which are used to estimate direct and indirect domestic value added in exports of different types of firms. The analysis finds that in China, state-owned enterprises and small and medium domestic private enterprises have much higher shares of indirect exports and ratios of value-added exports to gross exports compared with foreign-invested and large domestic private firms. Based on input-output tables for 2007 and 2010, the paper finds increasing value-added export ratios for all firm types, particularly for state-owned enterprises. It also finds that state-owned enterprises are consistently more upstream while small and medium domestic private enterprises are consistently more downstream within industries. These findings suggest that state-owned enterprises still play an important role in shaping China¡¦s exports.

Suggested Citation

  • Heiwai Tang & Fei Wang & Zhi Wang, 2015. "The Domestic Segment of Global Supply Chains in China under State Capitalism," Working Papers 052015, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:hkm:wpaper:052015
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. James J. Fetzer & Tina Highfill & Kassu W. Hossiso & Thomas F. Howells III & Erich H. Strassner & Jeffrey A. Young, 2021. "Accounting for Firm Heterogeneity within U.S. Industries: Extended Supply-Use Tables and Trade in Value Added Using Enterprise and Establishment-Level Data," NBER Chapters, in: The Challenges of Globalization in the Measurement of National Accounts, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Tang, Weiqi & Meng, Bo & Wu, Libo & Liu, Yu, 2016. "Undermined climate policies : a study on the impact of regulatory and financial discrimination across heterogeneous firms in China," IDE Discussion Papers 622, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    3. Hubert Escaith, 2014. "Mapping global value chains and measuring trade in tasks," Chapters, in: Benno Ferrarini & David Hummels (ed.), Asia and Global Production Networks, chapter 9, pages 287-337, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Meng, Bo & Liu, Yu & Andrew, Robbie & Zhou, Meifang & Hubacek, Klaus & Xue, Jinjun & Peters, Glen & Gao, Yuning, 2018. "More than half of China’s CO2 emissions are from micro, small and medium-sized enterprises," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 230(C), pages 712-725.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Value-Added Trade; Global Supply Chain; Intra-National Trade; State Capitalism;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • C82 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data; Data Access

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