Wholesalers and Retailers in US Trade
International trade models typically assume that producers in one country trade directly with final consumers in another. In reality, of course, trade can involve long chains of potentially independent actors who move goods through wholesale and retail distribution networks. These networks likely affect the magnitude and nature of trade frictions and hence both the pattern of trade and its welfare gains. To promote further understanding of the means by which goods move across borders, this paper examines the extent to which US exports and imports flow through wholesalers and retailers versus producing and consuming firms.
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Volume (Year): 100 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
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References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Antras, Pol & Costinot, Arnaud, 2011.
4784024, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- Dimitra Petropoulou, 2008.
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CEP Discussion Papers
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- Dimitra Petropoulou, 2011. "Information costs, networks and intermediation in international trade," Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute Working Paper 76, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
- Emek Basker & Pham Hoang Van, 2008.
"Imports "R" Us: Retail Chains as Platforms for Developing-Country Imports,"
0804, Department of Economics, University of Missouri, revised 12 Aug 2008.
- Emek Basker & Pham Hoang Van, 2010. "Imports "Я" Us: Retail Chains as Platforms for Developing-Country Imports," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(2), pages 414-18, May.
- Akerman, Anders, 2010. "A Theory on the Role of Wholesalers in International Trade based on Economies of Scope," Research Papers in Economics 2010:1, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
- James E. Rauch & Joel Watson, 2004. "Network Intermediaries in International Trade," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 69-93, 03.
- Emek Basker & Pham Hoang Van, 2007.
"Wal-Mart as Catalyst to U.S.-China Trade,"
0710, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
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