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The Domestic Segment of Global Supply Chains in China under State Capitalism

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Listed:
  • Heiwai Tang
  • Fei Wang
  • Zhi Wang

Abstract

This paper proposes methods to incorporate firm heterogeneity in the standard IO-table based approach to portray the domestic segment of global value chains in a country. Using Chinese firm census data for both manufacturing and service sectors, along with constrained optimization techniques, we split the conventional IO table into sub-accounts, which are used to estimate direct and indirect domestic value added in exports of different types of firm. We find that in China, both state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and small and medium domestic private enterprises (SMEs) have much higher shares of indirect exports and ratios of value-added exports to gross exports (VAX), compared to foreign-invested and large domestic private firms. Based on IO tables for both 2007 and 2010, we find increasing VAX ratios for all firm types, particularly for SOEs. By extending the method proposed by Antràs et al. (2012), we find that SOEs are consistently more upstream while SMEs are consistently more downstream within industries. These findings suggest that SOEs still play an important role in shaping China’s exports.

Suggested Citation

  • Heiwai Tang & Fei Wang & Zhi Wang, 2014. "The Domestic Segment of Global Supply Chains in China under State Capitalism," CESifo Working Paper Series 4797, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4797
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    6. Elizabeth Asiedu & James A. Freeman, 2007. "The Effect of Globalization on the Performance of Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the United States: Does Owners' Race/Ethnicity Matter?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 368-372, May.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    value-added trade; global supply chain; intra-national trade; state capitalism;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • C82 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data; Data Access

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