IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Offshore outsourcing and non-production workers: Firm-level relationships disaggregated by skills and suppliers


  • Eiichi Tomiura

    (Department of Economics, Yokohama National University, and Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI))

  • Banri Ito

    (Senshu University and RIETI)

  • Ryuhei Wakasugi

    (Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University and RIETI)


Previous studies have established that offshoring firms employ more non-production workers. By using micro-data on Japanese firms, this paper disaggregates non-production workers. The share of skilled non-production workers tends to be high in offshoring firms but that of unskilled non-production workers is not. The share of non-production workers for the management of overseas activities tends to be high in FDI firms and in firms outsourcing to foreign suppliers, but not in Japanese firms outsourcing to offshore suppliers owned by other Japanese firms. These findings suggest that offshoring has different impacts on employment depending on suppliers and the worker's skill.

Suggested Citation

  • Eiichi Tomiura & Banri Ito & Ryuhei Wakasugi, 2011. "Offshore outsourcing and non-production workers: Firm-level relationships disaggregated by skills and suppliers," KIER Working Papers 760, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:kyo:wpaper:760

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Amador, João & Cabral, Sónia, 2014. "Global value chains: surveying drivers and measures," Working Paper Series 1739, European Central Bank.
    2. Alexis Grimm & Mina Kim, 2016. "FDI and the Task Content of Domestic Employment for U.S. Multinationals," BEA Working Papers 0136, Bureau of Economic Analysis.
    3. João Amador & Sónia Cabral, 2014. "Global Value Chains: Surveying Drivers, Measures and Impacts," Working Papers w201403, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    4. Chen, Qifei & Shen, Yanzhi, 2021. "The impacts of offshore and onshore outsourcing on China's upgrading in global value chains: Evidence from its manufacturing and service sectors," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 263-280.

    More about this item


    offshoring; outsourcing; non-production workers; skill; firm-level data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L24 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Contracting Out; Joint Ventures

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:kyo:wpaper:760. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Makoto Watanabe (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.