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Global Supply Chains and Trade Policy

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  • Blanchard, Emily
  • Bown, Chad P.
  • Johnson, Robert

Abstract

How do global supply chain linkages modify countries' incentives to impose import protection? Are these linkages empirically important determinants of trade policy? To address these questions, we introduce supply chain linkages into a workhorse model of tariff setting with political economy. Theory predicts that discretionary final goods tariffs will be decreasing in the domestic content of foreign-produced final goods. Provided foreign political interests are not too strong, final goods tariffs will also be decreasing in the foreign content of domestically-produced final goods. Using theory to guide our empirical strategy, we test these predictions with newly assembled data on bilateral applied tariffs, temporary trade barriers, and value-added contents for 14 major economies over the 1995-2009 period. Our results offer strong support for the predictions of the model and demonstrate that global supply chains already play an important role in shaping trade policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Blanchard, Emily & Bown, Chad P. & Johnson, Robert, 2016. "Global Supply Chains and Trade Policy," CEPR Discussion Papers 11044, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:11044
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    Cited by:

    1. Hylke Vandenbussche & William Connell & Wouter Simons, 2019. "Global Value Chains, Trade Shocks and Jobs: An Application to Brexit," CESifo Working Paper Series 7473, CESifo.
    2. Fontagné, Lionel & Santoni, Gianluca, 2021. "GVCs and the endogenous geography of RTAs," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 132(C).
    3. Cecilia Bellora & Lionel Fontagné, 2019. "Shooting Oneself in the Foot? Trade War and Global Value Chains," Working Papers 2019-18, CEPII research center.
    4. Emanuel Ornelas, 2016. "Special and Differential Treatment for Developing Countries," CESifo Working Paper Series 5823, CESifo.
    5. Pol Antràs & Alonso de Gortari, 2020. "On the Geography of Global Value Chains," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 88(4), pages 1553-1598, July.
    6. Erbahar, Aksel & Zi, Yuan, 2017. "Cascading trade protection: Evidence from the US," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 274-299.
    7. Svetlana Ledyayeva, 2017. "Export incentives and global value chains," UCL SSEES Economics and Business working paper series 2017-2, UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES).
    8. Xiaoping Chen & Yuchen Shao, 2017. "Trade policies for a small open economy: The case of Singapore," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(11), pages 2500-2511, November.
    9. Fiorentini, Riccardo, 2020. "The Persisting US Trade Deficit: Is Protectionistm the Right Answer?," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 73(2), pages 155-186.
    10. Olper, Alessandro, 2017. "The political economy of trade-related regulatory policy: environment and global value chain," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), vol. 5(3), February.
    11. Cecilia Bellora & Lionel Fontagné, 2019. "Shooting Oneself in the Foot? Trade War and Global Value Chains," Working Papers 2019-18, CEPII research center.
    12. Xiaoping Chen, 2019. "The future of free trade agreements: a Singapore perspective," International Journal of Economic Policy Studies, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 259-271, January.
    13. Chad P. Bown, 2018. "Trade Policy Toward Supply Chains After the Great Recession," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 66(3), pages 602-616, September.
    14. Bown,Chad P. & Crowley,Meredith A & Bown,Chad P. & Crowley,Meredith A, 2016. "The empirical landscape of trade policy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7620, The World Bank.
    15. James Lake & Maia Linask, 2016. "Domestic political competition and pro-cyclical import protection," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(3), pages 564-591, August.
    16. Luca Salvatici & Alessandro Antimiani & Fusacchia Ilaria, 2018. "Value Added Trade Restrictiveness Indexes. Measuring Protection Within Global Value Chains," Departmental Working Papers of Economics - University 'Roma Tre' 0238, Department of Economics - University Roma Tre.
    17. David R. DeRemer, 2016. "The Principle of Reciprocity in the 21st Century," CERS-IE WORKING PAPERS 1613, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies.
    18. Alessandro Antimiani & Luca Salvatici & Ilaria Fusacchia, 2018. "GTAP-VA: An Integrated Tool for Global Value Chain Analysis," Journal of Global Economic Analysis, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, vol. 3(2), pages 69-105, December.
    19. Pierluigi Montalbano & Silvia Nenci & Laura Dell'Agostino, 2019. "A non-parametric re-assessment of the trade effects of the euro using value added data," Working Papers 9/19, Sapienza University of Rome, DISS.
    20. Connell, William & Simons, Wouter & Vandenbussche, Hylke, 2018. "The cost of non-TTIP: A Global Value Chain Approach," CEPR Discussion Papers 12705, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    21. Franco-Bedoya, Sebastian & Frohm, Erik, 2020. "Global trade in final goods and intermediate inputs: impact of FTAs and reduced “Border Effects”," Working Paper Series 2410, European Central Bank.
    22. Obashi, Ayako, 2019. "Trade agreements with cross-border unbundling," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 1-1.
    23. Matthew Grant, 2020. "Why Special Economic Zones? Using Trade Policy to Discriminate across Importers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 110(5), pages 1540-1571, May.
    24. Nuno Limão, 2016. "Preferential Trade Agreements," NBER Working Papers 22138, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    25. Chad P. Bown, 2017. "Mega-Regional Trade Agreements and the Future of the WTO," Global Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 8(1), pages 107-112, February.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    GSP; preferences; supply chains; tariffs; temporary trade barriers; trade agreements; value added;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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