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Natural Disasters in a Two-Sector Model of Endogenous Growth

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  • Horii, Ryo
  • Ikefuji, Masako

Abstract

This paper studies sustainability of economic growth considering the risk of natural disasters caused by pollution in an endogenous growth model with physical and human capital accumulation. It is shown that economic growth is sustainable only if the tax rate on the polluting input is increased over time and that the long-term rate of economic growth follows an inverted V-shaped curve relative to the growth rate of the environmental tax. The social welfare is maximized under a positive steady-state growth in which faster accumulation of human capital compensates the productivity loss due to declining use of the polluting input.

Suggested Citation

  • Horii, Ryo & Ikefuji, Masako, 2010. "Natural Disasters in a Two-Sector Model of Endogenous Growth," Center Discussion Papers 97337, Yale University, Economic Growth Center.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:yaleeg:97337
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.97337
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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