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Diversification, Cost Structure, and the Risk Premium of Multinational Corporations

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  • Jose L. Fillat

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Boston)

  • STEFANIA GARETTO

    (Department of Economics, Boston University)

  • Lindsay Oldenski

    (Georgetown University)

Abstract

We investigate theoretically and empirically the relationship between the geographic structure of a multinational corporation and its risk premium. Our structural model suggests two channels. On the one hand, multinational activity offers diversification benefits: risk premia should be higher for firms operating in countries where shocks covary more with the domestic ones. Second, hysteresis and potential losses induced by fixed and sunk costs of production imply that risk premia should be higher for firms operating in countries where it is costlier to enter. Our empirical analysis confirms these predictions and delivers a decomposition of firm-level risk premia into individual countries’ contributions.

Suggested Citation

  • Jose L. Fillat & STEFANIA GARETTO & Lindsay Oldenski, 2014. "Diversification, Cost Structure, and the Risk Premium of Multinational Corporations," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2014-007, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:bos:wpaper:wp2014-007
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    Cited by:

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    3. Zhongjun Qu & Denis Tkachenko, 2017. "Global Identification in DSGE Models Allowing for Indeterminacy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 84(3), pages 1306-1345.
    4. Inga Heiland, 2017. "Five Essays on International Trade, Factor Flows and the Gains from Globalization," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 74.
    5. Gumpert, Anna & Li, Haishi & Moxnes, Andreas & Ramondo, Natalia & Tintelnot, Felix, 2020. "The life-cycle dynamics of exporters and multinational firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 126(C).
    6. Lucey, Brian M. & Vigne, Samuel A. & Ballester, Laura & Barbopoulos, Leonidas & Brzeszczynski, Janusz & Carchano, Oscar & Dimic, Nebojsa & Fernandez, Viviana & Gogolin, Fabian & González-Urteaga, Ana , 2018. "Future directions in international financial integration research - A crowdsourced perspective," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 35-49.
    7. Heiland, Inga, 2016. "Global Risk Sharing Through Trade in Goods and Assets: Theory and Evidence," VfS Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145821, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    8. Stefania Garetto & Lindsay Oldenski & Natalia Ramondo, 2019. "Multinational Expansion in Time and Space," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2019-08, Boston University - Department of Economics.
    9. Javier Cravino & Andrei A. Levchenko, 2017. "Multinational Firms and International Business Cycle Transmission," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 132(2), pages 921-962.
    10. Tongurai, Jittima & Vithessonthi, Chaiporn, 2022. "Learning, foreign operations and operating performance," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 52(C).
    11. Gervais, Antoine, 2018. "Uncertainty, risk aversion and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 145-158.
    12. Antoine Gervais, 2021. "Global sourcing under uncertainty," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 54(3), pages 1103-1135, November.
    13. Harms, Philipp & Wacker, Konstantin M., 2019. "The special issue on FDI and multinational corporations: An introduction," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal (2007-2020), Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel), vol. 13, pages 1-7.
    14. Zlate, Andrei, 2016. "Offshore production and business cycle dynamics with heterogeneous firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 34-49.
    15. Ye Bai & Sourafel Girma & Alejandro Riaño, 2020. "Corporate Acquisitions and Firm-Level Uncertainty: Domestic Versus Cross-Border Deals," CESifo Working Paper Series 8079, CESifo.
    16. Le, Thai-Ha & Nguyen, Canh Phuc & Su, Thanh Dinh & Tran-Nam, Binh, 2020. "The Kuznets curve for export diversification and income inequality: Evidence from a global sample," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 21-39.
    17. Mine Senses & Andrei Zlate & Christopher Kurz, 2017. "All Shook Up: International Trade and Firm-level Volatility," 2017 Meeting Papers 851, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    18. Hasan, Iftekhar & Wang, Haizhi & Yin, Desheng & Zhang, Jingqi, 2021. "Global equity offerings and access to domestic loan market: U.S. evidence," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 74(C).
    19. Erel, Isil & Jang, Yeejin & Weisbach, Michael S., 2020. "The Corporate Finance of Multinational Firms," Working Paper Series 2020-01, Ohio State University, Charles A. Dice Center for Research in Financial Economics.
    20. Nguyen Phuc Canh & Su Dinh Thanh, 2022. "The Dynamics of Export Diversification, Economic Complexity and Economic Growth Cycles: Global Evidence," Foreign Trade Review, , vol. 57(3), pages 234-260, August.
    21. Chakraborty, Indraneel & Hai, Rong & Holter, Hans A. & Stepanchuk, Serhiy, 2017. "The real effects of financial (dis)integration: A multi-country equilibrium analysis of Europe," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 28-45.
    22. Anderson, James E. & Larch, Mario & Yotov, Yoto V., 2019. "Trade and investment in the global economy: A multi-country dynamic analysis," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 120(C).
    23. Natalia Ramondo & Lindsay Oldenski & Stefania Garetto, 2016. "The Dynamics of Multinational Activity: Evidence from U.S. Firms," 2016 Meeting Papers 1431, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    24. Nguyen, Phuc Canh & Nguyen, Bach & Thanh, Su Dinh, 2022. "The importance of export diversification for national entrepreneurship density," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 114-129.
    25. Wang, Xiaosong & Wu, Huan & Woo, Wing Thye & Xie, Shenxiang, 2021. "OFDI and stock returns: Evidence from manufacturing firms listed on the Chinese A-shares market," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Multinational firms; diversification; risk premium; stock returns;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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