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The Role of Multinational Production in a Risky Environment

Author

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  • VEronica Rappoport

    (Columbia Business School)

  • Natalia Ramondo

    (U. Texas-Austin)

Abstract

The crucial difference between Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and other international financial flows is that the former involves technology flows across countries. In the presence of country-specific shocks, these flows not only alter the distribution of output across countries, but also across different states of nature. This paper introduces FDI simultaneously as a portfolio and technology flow in a risky environment. We find that multinational activities improve the scope for international risk diversification even in world with complete international financial markets. Multinational firms have incentives to locate affiliates in countries with business cycles least correlated with world risk. In doing so, they reshape the patterns of world risk and improve the scope for international risk diversification. A calibration exercise for OECD countries suggests that multinational activities reduces the consumption risk premium by 5% beyond the diversification opportunities provided by complete financial markets.

Suggested Citation

  • VEronica Rappoport & Natalia Ramondo, 2009. "The Role of Multinational Production in a Risky Environment," 2009 Meeting Papers 1106, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed009:1106
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    Cited by:

    1. Jörn Kleinert & Julien Martin & Farid Toubal, 2015. "The Few Leading the Many: Foreign Affiliates and Business Cycle Comovement," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 7(4), pages 134-159, October.
    2. José L. Fillat & Stefania Garetto, 2015. "Risk, Returns, and Multinational Production," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 130(4), pages 2027-2073.
    3. Lewis, Logan T., 2014. "Exports versus multinational production under nominal uncertainty," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(2), pages 371-386.
    4. Contessi, Silvio, 2015. "Multinational firms׳ entry and productivity: Some aggregate implications of firm-level heterogeneity," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 61-80.
    5. Menno, Dominik, 2014. "Multinational Firms and Business Cycle Transmission," Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100320, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    6. Mankan M. Koné & Carl Gaigné & Lota Dabio Tamini, 2017. "Supply Uncertainty and Foreign Direct Investments in Agri-food Industry," CIRANO Working Papers 2017s-22, CIRANO.
    7. Contessi, Silvio, 2010. "Multinational Firms' Entry and Productivity: Some Aggregate Implications of Firm-level Heterogeneity," Working Papers 2010-043, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, revised 26 Aug 2015.

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