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Multinational Firms' Entry and Productivity: Some Aggregate Implications of Firm-level Heterogeneity

  • Contessi, Silvio

    (Monash University)

Despite the microeconomic evidence supporting the superior idiosyncratic productivity of multinational firms (MFN) and their affiliates, cross-country studies fail to find robust evidence of a positive relationship between Foreign Direct Investment and growth. In order to study the aggregate implications of MNF entry and production, I develop a Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium model with firm heterogeneity where MNF sort according to their own productivity. Entry and production of MNF contribute to aggregate productivity growth at decreasing rates over time but potentially crowd out domestic producers due to increased product and factor market competition. I compare the aggregate benefit of productivity contributions with the cost of crowding out and argue that composition and crowding-out effects can help explain the conflicting evidence on the impact of Foreign Direct Investment on growth.

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Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in its series Working Papers with number 2010-043.

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Length: 65 pages
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision: 26 Aug 2015
Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlwp:2010-043
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  1. Davin Chor, 2006. "Subsidies for FDI: Implications from a Model with Heterogenous Firms," 2006 Meeting Papers 475, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Chiara Criscuolo & Ralf Martin, 2005. "Multinationals and US productivity leadership: evidence from Great Britain," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 19914, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  3. Chiara Criscuolo, 2005. "Foreign Affiliates in OECD Economies: Presence, Performance and Contribution to Host Countries' Growth," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2005(2), pages 109-139.
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  12. Rivera-Batiz, Francisco L. & Rivera-Batiz, Luis A., 1990. "The effects of direct foreign investment in the presence of increasing returns due to specialization," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1-2), pages 287-307, November.
  13. Greenwood, Jeremy & Hercowitz, Zvi & Huffman, Gregory W, 1988. "Investment, Capacity Utilization, and the Real Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(3), pages 402-17, June.
  14. Alfaro, Laura & Chanda, Areendam & Kalemli-Ozcan, Sebnem & Sayek, Selin, 2010. "Does foreign direct investment promote growth? Exploring the role of financial markets on linkages," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(2), pages 242-256, March.
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  16. Keith Head & Ran Jing & Deborah L. Swenson, 2010. "From Beijing to Bentonville: Do Multinational Retailers Link Markets?," NBER Working Papers 16288, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Silvio Contessi & Ariel Weinberger, 2009. "Foreign direct investment, productivity, and country growth: an overview," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Mar, pages 61-78.
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