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Putting industries into the Eaton--Kortum model

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  • Serge Shikher

Abstract

The article introduces the industry dimension into the Eaton-Kortum model of trade. Industries are linked with each other by domestic and international trade in intermediate goods. The model is parametrized using data for eight industries in 1989. It is used to perform several counterfactual simulations that are relevant to today's policy debates. First, the model is used to study the effects of the US--EU trade wars. It is found that trade wars have a greater negative effect on countries with large initial net export positions. It is also found that some trade war scenarios are more beneficial to the US while others to the EU. Second, the model is used to study the effects of trade barrier reductions between the high-income and middle-income countries. The results show that this trade liberalization tends to reinforce the pattern of trade according to technological comparative advantages. The results also show which industries should be targeted for barrier reductions depending on policy goals. The third set of simulations investigates spillovers from the technological growth in the US machinery industry. The results show how geography, technology, and industry links affect the propagation of this growth across countries and industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Serge Shikher, 2012. "Putting industries into the Eaton--Kortum model," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(6), pages 807-837, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jitecd:v:21:y:2012:i:6:p:807-837
    DOI: 10.1080/09638199.2010.539704
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael E. Waugh, 2010. "International Trade and Income Differences," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(5), pages 2093-2124, December.
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    1. Antti SIMOLA & Jouko KINNUNEN & Hannu TÖRMÄ & Jukka KOLA, "undated". "Bioenergy Production in Finland and its Effects on Regional Growth and Employment," EcoMod2010 259600157, EcoMod.
    2. Hugo Rojas-Romagosa & Eddy Bekkers & Joseph F. Francois, 2015. "Melting Ice Caps and the Economic Impact of Opening the Northern Sea Route," CPB Discussion Paper 307, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    3. Andrei A. Levchenko & Jing Zhang, 2012. "Comparative advantage and the welfare impact of European integration," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 27(72), pages 567-602, October.
    4. Julian di Giovanni & Andrei A. Levchenko & Jing Zhang, 2014. "The Global Welfare Impact of China: Trade Integration and Technological Change," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 6(3), pages 153-183, July.
    5. Costinot, Arnaud & Rodríguez-Clare, Andrés, 2014. "Trade Theory with Numbers: Quantifying the Consequences of Globalization," Handbook of International Economics, Elsevier.
    6. Patrizio Pagano & Massimo Sbracia & Andrea Finicelli, 2008. "Trade-revealed TFP," 2008 Meeting Papers 717, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    7. Levchenko, Andrei A. & Zhang, Jing, 2016. "The evolution of comparative advantage: Measurement and welfare implications," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 96-111.
    8. Jing Zhang, 2013. "Global Welfare Impact of China: Trade Integration and Technology Change," 2013 Meeting Papers 630, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    9. Patrick Alexander, 2016. "Producer Heterogeneity, Value-Added, and International Trade," Staff Working Papers 16-54, Bank of Canada.
    10. Levchenko, Andrei A. & Zhang, Jing, 2014. "The Evolution of Comparative Advantage: Measurement and Implications," Working Paper Series WP-2014-12, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    11. David H. Autor & David Dorn & Gordon H. Hanson & Jae Song, 2014. "Trade Adjustment: Worker-Level Evidence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 129(4), pages 1799-1860.
    12. Andrey A. Gnidchenko & Vladimir A. Salnikov, 2015. "Net Comparative Advantage Index: Overcoming the Drawbacks of the Existing Indices," HSE Working papers WP BRP 119/EC/2015, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    13. Eddy Bekkers & Michael Landesmann & Indre Macskasi, 2017. "Trade in Services versus Trade in Manufactures: The Relation between the Role of Tacit Knowledge, the Scope for Catch up, and Income Elasticity," wiiw Working Papers 139, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    14. Andrei Levchenko & Jing Zhang, 2014. "External rebalancing, structural adjustment, and real exchange rates in developing Asia," Chapters,in: Asia and Global Production Networks, chapter 7, pages 215-248 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    15. Esther Perez Ruiz & Uffe Mikkelsen, 2012. "The Trade Impact of China on EMU; Is It Even Across Members?," IMF Working Papers 12/221, International Monetary Fund.
    16. Levchenko, Andrei A. & Zhang, Jing, 2014. "Ricardian productivity differences and the gains from trade," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 45-65.
    17. Pothen, Frank & Hübler, Michael, 2017. "A Regional Trade Model with Ricardian Productivity Gains and Multi-technology Electricity Supply," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-585, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.

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