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Quantitative Spatial Economics

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  • Stephen Redding

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  • Esteban Hansberg

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Abstract

The observed uneven distribution of economic activity across space is influenced by variation in exogenous geographical characteristics and endogenous interactions between agents in goods and factor markets. Until recently, the theoretical literature on economic geography had focused on stylized settings that could not easily be taken to the data. This paper reviews more recent research that has developed quantitative models of economic geography. These models are rich enough to speak to first-order features of the data, such as many heterogeneous locations and gravity equation relationships for trade and commuting. Yet at the same time, these models are sufficiently tractable to undertake realistic counterfactuals exercises to study the effect of changes in amenities, productivity, and public policy interventions such as transport infrastructure investments. It provides an extensive taxonomy of the different building blocks of these quantitative spatial models and discusses their main properties and quantification. [Working Paper 22655]

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  • Stephen Redding & Esteban Hansberg, 2016. "Quantitative Spatial Economics," Working Papers id:11340, eSocialSciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:11340
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    7. McGregor, Thomas & Wills, Samuel, 2017. "Surfing a Wave of Economic Growth," Working Papers 2017-05, University of Sydney, School of Economics, revised Mar 2017.
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    20. José M. Gaspar, 2018. "A prospective review on New Economic Geography," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 61(2), pages 237-272, September.
    21. Krebs, Oliver & Pflüger, Michael P., 2019. "On the Road (Again): Commuting and Local Employment Elasticities in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 12257, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    uneven distribution of economic activity ; exogenous geographical characteristics and endogenous interactions ; extensive taxonomy;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise

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