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Analyzing Trade Liberalization Effects in the Egg Sector Using a Dynamic Gravity Model

Author

Listed:
  • Lota D. Tamini
  • Maurice Doyon
  • Rodrigue Simon

Abstract

type="main" xml:lang="fr"> L'objectif de cette étude est d'explorer un scénario de libéralisation du commerce qui prend en considération l'effet de persistance des partenaires commerciaux. Nous développons un modèle de gravité qui prend en considération la dynamique de la marge extensive et la persistance des partenaires commerciaux. Notre contribution empirique est au niveau du secteur des œufs. Nos résultats indiquent que l'utilisation de modèle statique sous-estime l'impact de scénarios de libéralisation. Ainsi, les importations d’œufs de table au Canada suivant un tel scénario sont sous-estimées de plus de 50% par rapport au modèle dynamique. La spécification dynamique permet également d'expliquer pourquoi la libéralisation du commerce augmente souvent les échanges entre pays déjà partenaires commerciaux, alors que les gains au chapitre de la marge extensive sont modestes. Les résultats confirment également l'impact négatif des coûts fixes sur la probabilité des pays en développement de participer aux marchés de l'exportation. Ces résultats soulèvent donc des questions quant aux bénéfices de la libéralisation des échanges pour les pays en développement, en termes d'accès au marché en absence de traitements spécifiques.

Suggested Citation

  • Lota D. Tamini & Maurice Doyon & Rodrigue Simon, 2016. "Analyzing Trade Liberalization Effects in the Egg Sector Using a Dynamic Gravity Model," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 64(2), pages 383-411, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:canjag:v:64:y:2016:i:2:p:383-411
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    Cited by:

    1. Philippidis, G. & Resano, H. & Sanjuán, A.I., 2014. "Shifting Armington trade preferences: A re-examination of the Mercosur–EU negotiations," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 21-32.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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