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Exporting to new destinations and the effects of tariffs: the case of meat commodities

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  • Pascal L. Ghazalian
  • Bruno Larue
  • Jean‐Philippe Gervais

Abstract

This study uses a random parameter probit estimation to examine the effects of tariff liberalization on the probability of establishing new trading relationships in meat commodities. Our simulation results indicate that the effects of tariff reductions decrease with distance, but increase with the level of development. The probabilities of trade increase at an increasing rate with the size of tariff reductions thus justifying calls for ambitious liberalization schemes. Canada and Mexico are the NAFTA countries that are most likely to export in response to EU tariff reductions on bovine and poultry meats, while Brazil and Argentina emerge as the MERCOSUR countries most likely to penetrate the EU bovine meat market after EU tariff reductions. Uruguay's probability to export poultry meat is most responsive to EU tariff reductions.

Suggested Citation

  • Pascal L. Ghazalian & Bruno Larue & Jean‐Philippe Gervais, 2009. "Exporting to new destinations and the effects of tariffs: the case of meat commodities," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 40(6), pages 701-714, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:agecon:v:40:y:2009:i:6:p:701-714
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-0862.2009.00409.x
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-0862.2009.00409.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Ghazalian, Pascal L. & Mosadegh Sedghy, Bahareh, 2019. "Changes in Canada’s Preferential Trade Network and the Welfare Effects in Agricultural Markets," Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Estey Centre for Law and Economics in International Trade, vol. 20(1), June.
    2. Lota D. Tamini & Maurice Doyon & Rodrigue Simon, 2016. "Analyzing Trade Liberalization Effects in the Egg Sector Using a Dynamic Gravity Model," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 64(2), pages 383-411, June.
    3. Enkang Li & Mengqiu Lu & Yu Chen, 2020. "Analysis of China’s Importance in “Belt and Road Initiative” Trade Based on a Gravity Model," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(17), pages 1-20, August.
    4. Pascal L. Ghazalian, 2019. "Canada's beef exports: Border effects and prospects for market access," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 67(1), pages 53-74, March.
    5. Pascal L. Ghazalian, 2016. "Processed Food Trade of Greece with EU and Non-EU Countries: An Empirical Analysis," International Journal of Food and Beverage Manufacturing and Business Models (IJFBMBM), IGI Global, vol. 1(2), pages 15-30, July.
    6. Larue, B. & Gonzalez, P. & Kempa Nangue, C., 2018. "Endogenous Market Structure and Trade," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 275922, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    7. Philippidis, G. & Resano, H. & Sanjuán, A.I., 2014. "Shifting Armington trade preferences: A re-examination of the Mercosur–EU negotiations," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 21-32.
    8. Tamini, Lota Dabio & Doyon, Maurice & Simon, Rodrigue, 2012. "Analyzing Trade Liberalization Effect in the Egg Sector Using a Dynamic Gravity Model," Working Papers 125286, University of Laval, Center for Research on the Economics of the Environment, Agri-food, Transports and Energy (CREATE).

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