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Trade Potentials In Gravity Panel Data Models

Author

Listed:
  • Luca De Benedictis

    (DIEF – Dipartimento di Istituzioni Economiche e Finanziarie, University of Macerata, Italy)

  • Claudio Vicarelli

    (ISAE - Institute for Studies and Economic Analyses)

Abstract

In the last decade, a lot of effort has been produced in empirical international trade to explain bilateral volume of trade through the estimation of a gravity equation. A substantial share of this effort by scholars and Institutions regarded the estimate of trade potentials and the inference of trade effects of economic integration. In this paper we show - for the former euro-zone countries trade flows - how the result of a gravity model in terms of potential trade changes introducing time invariant country-specific effects and dynamics. In that case, our estimates give a more accurate account of the spread between actual and potential trade. Moreover, confronting the in-sample trade potential index derived from different estimators we give evidence of the convergence of the index towards the demarcation value corresponding to the equality between observed and predicted trade flows. Finally, we show how the sign of the index is not robust to a change of estimator, casting doubts on the soundness of strong policy implications based on the (in)existence of unrealized trade potentials.

Suggested Citation

  • Luca De Benedictis & Claudio Vicarelli, 2004. "Trade Potentials In Gravity Panel Data Models," ISAE Working Papers 44, ISTAT - Italian National Institute of Statistics - (Rome, ITALY).
  • Handle: RePEc:isa:wpaper:44
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International Bilateral Trade; Gravity Models; Trade Potentials; Dynamic Panel data;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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